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  • 布野 修司, 山田 協太, 山本 直彦
    日本建築学会計画系論文集
    2005年 70 巻 592 号 179-184
    発行日: 2005/06/30
    公開日: 2017/02/11
    ジャーナル フリー
    Authors have been conducting the field research under the title 'Origin, Transformation, Alteration and Conservation of Urban Space of Colonial cities' since 1999. The cities we carried out field studies are Cape Town (South Africa), Cochin (India), Galle (Sri Lanka), Malacca (Malaysia), Jakarata, Surabaya (Indonesia), Elmina (Ghana), Recife (Brazil), Paramaribo (Suriname), Willemstad (Dutch Antilles) etc.. We had grasped almost all the factories, forts and cities constructed by VOC and WIC, collecting old Maps, documents and literatures from ARA (Algemeen Rijksarchief), KB (Koninklijke Bibliotheek) and KITLV (Koninklijk Institut voor Taal-, Land- en Volkenkunde). This paper discusses typology of the form of Dutch colonial cities mainly based on the analysis of historical maps. We got the maps of 157 trading posts, 38 among which had been occupied by Dutch more than some years. We select 17 cities with which we have detail maps, and classify them according to duration, location, and morphology. Dutch colonial cities are basically classified into the categories, lodge, factory, fortified factory, for+settlement, fort+city, castle and castle+city.
  • R. V. オートウルカル編「ペーシュフー時代の社会経済文書-1722~1854年」、プーナ・インド史研究所版、1950年 Rajaram Vinayak Oturkar samp.,“Peshve-Kahn Samajikva Arthik Patravyavahar,”
    深沢 宏
    日本オリエント学会月報
    1960年 3 巻 4-5 号 37-55
    発行日: 1960/07/20
    公開日: 2010/03/12
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 福田 安志
    オリエント
    1991年 34 巻 2 号 74-92
    発行日: 1991年
    公開日: 2010/03/12
    ジャーナル フリー
    The Portuguese tenure of Muscat came to an end in 1650 by the assult of Arabs. After the expulsion of the Portuguese from Muscat, the acute hostility between the Omanis and the Portuguese continued. The Portuguese fleets came to Muscat to destroy the Omani navy. The Omani fleets were dispatched many times by the Imams to attack the Portuguese vessels and to raid on the Portuguese settlements in India, the Persian Gulf and East Africa. Thus the frequent conflicts between them lasted approximately till 1739 when the Portuguese had lost their power in the Persian Gulf and the Arabian Sea.
    The main reason why the Omanis maintained or even increased their enmity against the Portuguese was that the commercial operations of the Omanis were being harassed by the Portuguese. After the capture of Muscat by the Imam Sultan b. Sayf I, the Omanis embarked in maritime trade and then Muscat became main entrepot for the Persian Gulf trade. But untill the first half of the 18th century, the Portuguese were attempting to maintain their control on the native maritime trade in the Indian Ocean and the Persian Gulf. Since the Portuguese considered the growth of the Omani commercial operations as a serious threat to the Portuguese control on the native trade, they tried to prevent the Omani trade.
    The Imam Sultan b. Sayf I and his successors organized the naval expeditions to remove the Portuguese pressure on their trade and to discourage the Yemeni and Persian trade activities, which gave the Imams the leading role in the Omani maritime operations. In the beginning of the 18th century, the Imams had nearly 30 naval vessels which they employed as merchant ships in time of peace. Thus the Imams established themselves as the leading mercantile power in Oman.
  • ─プラゾ制度とポルトガル人植民社会の形成─
    齋藤 俊輔
    南アジア研究
    2009年 2009 巻 21 号 112-132
    発行日: 2009/12/15
    公開日: 2011/08/30
    ジャーナル フリー
    本稿では、ポルトガル領ダマンに導入されたプラゾ制度の運用実態を明らかにし、「カザード」の定義を再検討する。ポルトガル領ゴアやダマンでは、ポルトガル人定住者に土地を与える入植政策が採られていた。彼らは同地で結婚することが義務付けられていたので、「カザード」と呼ばれた。ポルトガル領ダマンの場合、プラゾ制度が導入された。「プラゾ」とはポルトガル国王が家臣に一定期間に限り貸し出した土地を指す。同地では村落がプラゾとしてカザードに与えられた。その際に軍役などの義務が課せられた。ところが、カザードの中にはプラゾを私有財産のように売買したり、譲渡したりする者が現れた。さらに、16世紀末頃から様々な理由で軍役が放棄されたため、プラゾ制度は変質を余儀なくされた。一方で、カザードはそうした状況を利用して、「フィダルゴ(貴族)」と呼ばれるほどの富と地位を確立した。
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