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  • ――『アマデウス』(Amadeus)推敲の軌跡
    山田 良
    演劇学論集 日本演劇学会紀要
    2003年 41 巻 383-404
    発行日: 2003/12/15
    公開日: 2018/12/14
    ジャーナル フリー

    Peter Shaffer is well-known for his brilliant successes in playwriting such as Five Finger Exercise and Equus. And his willingness to constantly revise his works is also well known. His masterpiece Amadeus went through at least six big revisions from its first version in 1979 to the one in 1998-9. In this paper, the three main versions of the script are compared with each other and Shaffer's changing attitudes to his idea of “the quest for God” are discussed. The focus of the discussion is set particularly on the climactic “Last Encounter” scene between Salieri and Mozart, which Shaffer reworked on again and again over a span of twenty years. It is also important to see the change of Salieri's characterization from a clever narrator in the first version to a tragic hero in deep agony in the last one. Through the revisions, the play has been transformed from a mono-drama like play into a great tragedy of human agony.

  • 和田 修一
    法政論叢
    2012年 49 巻 1 号 20-
    発行日: 2012年
    公開日: 2017/11/01
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 尾崎(鈴木) 貴久子
    生活学論叢
    2003年 8 巻 104-113
    発行日: 2003/09/30
    公開日: 2021/03/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    The purpose of this study is the following; first is to examine the diet of the Prophet Muhammad (d. A.D. 632) in the cities of Mecca and Madma and also to examine food of the Bedouins in the early Islamic times. Second is to investigate how people of the Abbasids court regarded them in the 10^<th> century. The typical food eaten by the Prophet and his companions written in the Hadith (narrative relating deeds and utterances of the Prophet) included barley bread, milk-products, dates and a few vegetables, and occasional cooked dishes. As for the Bedouins, they used slaughtered cattle in order to gain honor and to humiliate enemy tribes. About three hundreds years later in the Abbasids dynasty, not only the celebrated al-khassa but also common people al-'amma began to despise Bedouins as eaters of reptiles such as snakes and lizards. In the Abbasid court's cookery book edited by al-WarrSq (in 10^<th> century) introduces five dishes of the Muhammad's food. These five dishes are also introduced in the books on dietetics written by al-Razi (d. A.D. 925 (935)) pointing out the attributes and faults of each food from point of view of bodily and spiritual well-being; the broth with vegetable (maraq) and potage with some grain and peas (harira) were for patients who had a fever or jaundice or cough or other such aliments. Dried meat (qadid) was eaten as a hors d'oeuvre with wine as digestive. Soup with crumbled bread (tharid) became famous nutritious dishes with many kinds of meat. Refined parched wheat or barley (sawiq) was eaten not only a nutritious in the hot season but also for preventing epidemic. There are two major reasons why these five dishes were introduced. The first is that for Muslims to follow the Prophet Muhammad's life and to eat his food has been considered to live up to the Muslim ideal. The second reason is that the Islamic medical scholarly ideas on dietetics had already been appreciated in the court.
  • 高橋 美野梨
    国際安全保障
    2019年 47 巻 3 号 35-54
    発行日: 2019/12/31
    公開日: 2022/03/14
    ジャーナル フリー
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