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  • 537/1142-3年のアシュアリー派弾圧をめぐって
    下山 伴子
    オリエント
    1999年 42 巻 2 号 129-145
    発行日: 1999年
    公開日: 2010/03/12
    ジャーナル フリー
    Kitab al-naqd is a polemic work that Imami-Shi'i 'Abd al-Jalil Qazvini refutes the Sunni contender's accusations against Imami-Shi'i with almost word-for-word quotes from those accusations. It has been valued for the information about religious situations around Ray in the first half of the 12th century. Because of its polemical nature, however, its usability as a historical source has been questioned. The present paper intends to examine the logical framework of this text in order to get better position to evaluate it as a historical source. By “the logical framework” I mean each contender's standpoint and the structure of his way of thinking.
    Each contender brings forwards his arguments emphasizing advantageous aspects for him in the complicated situations of conflicts and alliances among several sects and schools (legal and theological) of both Sunni and Shi'i sides in Ray, as it follows.
    The arguments of the Sunni contender are based on the premise that the religious conflict in Ray exists only between “Sunni” and “Imami-Shi'i” . But 'Abd al-Jalil refers to another opposition between “Usuli” and “Jabli” sects to refute the above premise. “Usuli” is a subsect of Imami-Shi'i sect and “Jabri” is one of the Sunni. He insists that “Usuli” to which he belongs is prevalent and in good term with the Saljuq, while “Jabri”, which practically means Ash'ari theological school, is a minority and the Sunni author belongs to this sect. This insistence is based on the suppression of Ash'ari school by the Saljuq since 537/1142-3. 'Abd al-Jalil emphasizes that “Usuli” endorses the theological viewpoint of the Saljuq and opposes to that of Ash'ari school. Thus he stresses the legitimacy of “Usali” depending on the power of the Saljuq state.
  • 岡田 恵美子
    オリエント
    1970年 13 巻 1-2 号 151-166,A196
    発行日: 1970年
    公開日: 2010/03/12
    ジャーナル フリー
    The romantic epic, “Vis u Ramin” was composed by Fakhr al-din As'ad Gurgani in the eleventh Christian century. On account of the following three aspects, this epic may be ranked as one of the most valuable works in Persian literature:
    (1) Being the earliest romantic epic extant, the work must have influenced on Persian literature to follow after it, to a great extent.
    (2) It is said that Fakhr al-din As'ad Gurgani versified in Persian from the basis of the story then existed in Pahlavi (a some earlier form of Pahlavi). The process, therefore, presents important materials to the field of philology as well.
    (3) The story “Vis u Ramin” is considered as a work of the Arsacid dynasty.
    With regard to the last two aspects, it should be best a for us to examine what the author-himself describes about them in his own epic.
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