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  • 森 茂男
    オリエント
    1981年 24 巻 1 号 104-123
    発行日: 1981/09/30
    公開日: 2010/03/12
    ジャーナル フリー
    I attempted the re-interpretation of the great Bectrian inscription found out in Surkh-Kotal. The inscription, I suppose, makes clear that the acropolis (malizo), the sanctuary of the goddess Oanindo, was built by Huvishka during the Kanishka era 28-30 in order to honor Kanishka II, the king of the Kushan dynasty in that time. But the acropolis was immediately abandoned by gods because of the drying-up of the spiritualised water from the well. This water must have played a special rôle in the religious cults performed in the sanctuary. It is by this character of the water that the inscriptions should greatly emphasize the reconstruction and the importance of the well.
    Some of my new interpretation are as follows:
    3 mandaro ‘spiritualised’, to *mandara-, cf. Av. mand- ‘dem Gedächtnis einprägen’. Mandaro abo corresponds to 13-14 faro karano abo ‘wonderful (and) pure water’.
    4 eiro ‘flowing water’, to *ira-, Av. ira-, ‘energy’, which does not relate to OInd. ira- ‘refreshing water’.
    5 lrafo, the name of a town, means ‘flag’, to *drafša-, but not ‘statue of a god’.
    9 oispoano ‘all-winning’, to *vispa-vana.- We should recognize the Bactrian phoneme/w/between oispo- and ano, cf. xoadeo/xwadew_??_/.
    10 osogdomaggo ‘having a pure mind’ is one of the epithets of Nokonzoko, the overseer of a town (karalraggo). maggo<*manaka- cf. OInd. mana- ‘idea, opinion’.
  • 新田 博衞
    美学
    1975年 26 巻 1 号 1-9
    発行日: 1975/06/30
    公開日: 2017/05/22
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 久保 正彰
    西洋古典学研究
    1966年 14 巻 66-76
    発行日: 1966/03/28
    公開日: 2017/05/23
    ジャーナル フリー
    An attempt to "state more clearly what Thucydides' notes might have consisted of", this paper specifically deals with two points: the initial purpose of his chronology καγα θερη και χεμωνα&b.sigmav;, and the numerical notations he could have used for his purpose. Assuming the chronological scheme as coeval with the first page of his notebook, the author tries to suggest that the notes were in a sense close to the technical συγγραφη, contract and covenant, to substantiate the promises of Pericles' strategical forecasts. Pericles' strategy, to be recorded, needed special time-space coordinates, which Thucydides provides by his chronological schematization. With regard to the numerals, the writer in the end concludes, on the base of samples of epigraphical and textual evidences, that the bull-spelling of numerals was the only plausible way Thucydides could have written, the aerophonic system being locally limited and varied from city to city, and the alphabetic system coming into use in Athens, somewhat later than the time at which the History was written.
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