詳細検索結果
以下の条件での結果を表示する:
全文: "ヴァンデ県"
3件中 1-3の結果を表示しています
  • サン・イレール村を中心として
    谷岡 武雄
    人文地理
    1962年 14 巻 2 号 109-133
    発行日: 1962/04/28
    公開日: 2009/04/28
    ジャーナル フリー
    A dominant rural landscape in the Vendée region called “bocage” is an expression of common characteristic culture and agricultural economics in Western France. The “bocage” is usually considered in contrast with the “plaine” or “campagne”. But for some 20 years, French geographers have remarked a small open field, named gagnerie or méjou in the “bocage” zone. This phenomenon contains problems difficult to solve for the scholars in this country. The writer, who had surveyed practically “Esch” at the Moraine Zone in Northern Germany, and Akker at the Campine region in Belgium, is in a position where he is able to try to compare it with gagnerie. In August 1958, the writer visited the Vendée's village and was concerened directly in practical investigation of the field. In writing this report, the author is sincerely grateful to Prof. G. Chabot, Prof. A. Perpillou, of the Sorbonne, and Mr. F. Verger, of Poitier Univ.
    The commune of St. Hilaire de Talmont and the castle town of Talmont, whose field was surveyed by the writer, is located at the south-western margin of “bocage vendéen”. On the south side of this, there are dominant regions of “plaine” and “marais” landscape zone. Accordingly, affected by the village-settlement's type from the south, at the commune investigated, the hamlets which are dotted with several groups of farms are remarkable. Farmers call them villages.
    Such “villages” have “gagneries” making a narrow strip among the “bocage”.
    These “villages” have exsisted from at least 14 centuries. In one of these “villages”, a church was built, and the village grew up to bourg. On the other hand, castle town was built before that time. In the 19th century, vast waste lands were cultivated and the farms spread all over. Thus in these communes the systematical structure of farms-villages-bourg-castle town are organized. From the historical point of view, the “village” is the older type and may be considered as the original form of the rural settlement in this region. There are the same hamlets and field's landscape as gagnerie∼village in the case of Akker and Esch, but their regions of distribution as well as the time of establishment are different, so a simple comparison is not advisable. Likewise, from the “village” with “gagnerie”, it is also difficult to guess similarly the original form of villages in the northeastern parts of France.
    As a result of the development of traffic, the growth of local cities and the recent agricultural evolution, the present farms and villages are fairly well connected with bourg; moreover, these are related to castle town Talmont and equally Les Sables-d'Olonne. In short, the farms, villages, bourg hold the fundamental unit in the urban net of Talmont-Les Sables d'Olonne or La Roche sur Yon-Nantes-Paris.
  • 竹中 祐典
    薬剤学
    2007年 67 巻 1 号 9-11
    発行日: 2007年
    公開日: 2019/04/13
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 伊丹 一浩
    農業経済研究
    2003年 75 巻 1 号 1-8
    発行日: 2003/06/25
    公開日: 2014/12/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    The purpose of this paper is to clarify the character of the equalized inheritance law of the French Civil Code through analyzing the trends of land ownership and agricultural production in France in the nineteenth century.
    Of the studies so far made, some assume that the inheritance law of the Civil Code fulfilled the function of promoting the primitive accumulation of capital and others emphasize the farmers' tenaciousness in the inheritance custom and place the influence of the inheritance law of the Civil Code beyond consideration. As to the former, capitalism had not developed well in France and some doubts remain about such discussions. As to the latter, it is considered that the population pressure was extremely large and the land demand was also active in the agricultural villages of nineteenth-century France and it seems that under such circum-stances the inheritance law of the Civil Code assuming the equalized inheritance as a rule had a definite influence on the trends of land ownership and agricultural production, and without such considerations, it is impossible to grasp the meaning of the same law sufficiently.
    Thus, in this paper, the trends of land ownership and agricultural production in those days are clarified based on the actual conditions and the meaning of the inheritance law of the Civil Code is discussed. Then, it is made clear that the inheritance law of the Civil Code promoted land ownership division and the intensification of agricultural production-especially, labor intensification; that is, the farmers were oriented toward inputting increasingly more labor so as to support themselves on the gradually divided land.
feedback
Top