The political, social and cultural contexts of television documentaries produced
by local stations are multi-layered. The contents are determined by not
only regional but also national agencies. This paper will focus on documentaries
on the great fire of Itoigawa, geishas in Furumachi and marginal settlements,
all of which are produced by one of Niigata’s local stations, TeNY. Comparing
the original version and a variant broadcast as content for the NNN documentary
series on a national network, we will analyse the process through which
the contents are reorganized.
In 612, Mimaji (味摩之) from Backjae (百済) introduced Gigaku dance (伎楽) into Japan. The Japanese court settled him in the town of Sakurai (桜井) and opened the training school. Yasuda Yojurou (保田與重郎) ascertained that Sakurai was located on the present Sakurai Children's Park with the historical evidences. However, those evidences do not trace back beyond the mid-Heian period (平安794-1185).
I investigated a folk song of Saibara (催馬楽) and the history of Gankouji temple (元興寺), which were the pre-Heian records and documents. In addition, considering the distribution of the powers in the seventh century, and the recent excavations, etc., I reached the conclusion that Sakurai was situated around Kougenji temple (向原寺) in the present Asuka town (明日香).