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全文: "入植地"
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  • 農業土木学会誌
    1976年 44 巻 5 号 plate1-plate2
    発行日: 1976/05/01
    公開日: 2011/08/11
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 今野 泰三
    日本中東学会年報
    2016年 32 巻 2 号 97-120
    発行日: 2017/01/15
    公開日: 2018/06/01
    ジャーナル フリー
    During the Oslo process from 1993, Israel continued to expand settlements in the occupied territories. The important question in this regard is; how one should relate within the Israeli history the political, economic, social and cultural forces, which led Israel to the Oslo process, and those which kept it expanding its settlements. This paper seeks the answer by examining the previous research, looking at how they evaluate the relations between the issue of the settlements and the Oslo process. They are categorized into three groups; the works focusing on “the narrowly defined settlement issue,” the works emphasizing “the widely defined settlement issue” and “the third paradigm,” which tries to combine the former two paradigms. This paper argues that even though scholars adopt the third paradigm, unless they recognize the widely defined settlement issue as a root cause of the conflict and distance themselves from the decolonization myth of the Oslo process, they cannot solve the contradiction between their research framework and proposal for the solution. This paper concludes that while the Green Line ceased to exist as a material boundary, it still functions as an imagined boundary and ideological devise to maintain the premise that Israel can be democratic while defining itself as the Jewish state despite the continuing colonization, creeping apartheid and the demand of the Palestine refugees.
  • 今野 泰三
    日本中東学会年報
    2010年 26 巻 2 号 89-122
    発行日: 2011/01/05
    公開日: 2018/03/30
    ジャーナル フリー
    This paper examines the relations of narratives, spatial representation and identities, focusing on the Israeli-Jewish settlers committed to “activist Messianism” and settling in the heart of the West Bank. Research questions consider how settlers narrate about their co-religionists or family members killed in the West Bank and their deaths; what meanings they give to the dead/deaths; how they represent those dead/deaths in space; and how the narratives on the dead/deaths and their spatial representations formulate, compose and mold the collective identities of the living. This paper analyzes and categorizes the narratives of the activist Messianist settlers and the contents of monuments and graves built in and around their settlements. This paper shows the ways in which the narratives and spatial representations of the dead/deaths interact with the ideology of the activist Messianism, functioning to strengthen the legitimization of settling in the West Bank and often strengthening their ideological and religious convictions. This research also reveals the ways in which the combinations of the experiences and practices in frontiers and the religious-political ideology of activist Messianism create the “Other” and sharpen the national boundary between “the Jews” and “the Arabs”, formulating and reproducing the collective identity of the activist Messianists.
  • 高尾 千津子
    ロシア史研究
    2005年 76 巻 67-77
    発行日: 2005/05/25
    公開日: 2017/07/25
    ジャーナル フリー
  • ブラジル、マト・グロッソ州における農地改革を事例として
    後藤 健志
    日本文化人類学会研究大会発表要旨集
    2016年 2016 巻
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2016/04/23
    会議録・要旨集 フリー
    発表者は、ブラジル中西部マト・グロッソ州において、国立植民農地改革院(INCRA)によって農地改革を目的に建設された入植地に関して、通算17ヶ月間の調査を実施してきた。農地改革の受益者とは、主に経済的機会を求めて、生活基盤のある複数の地点を比較的短期間のうちに遊動しながら生活している農村移民労働者たちである。彼らは入植地の開発や統治の促進を国家に対して求める一方で、その多くが入植地には定住せず、やがて土地を手放し、他所へと移っていく。今日、多くの政策研究においては「よき統治」を前提にした議論がなされているが、本発表は、そもそも「統治されない」ということが、マト・グロッソの農村で遊動生活を送る人々にとっていかなる重要性を持っているのかという問題を議論の俎上に載せる試みである。
  • プレーヴェ И.Р., 半谷 史郎
    ロシア史研究
    2000年 67 巻 81-88
    発行日: 2000/10/14
    公開日: 2017/07/25
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 山口 平四郎
    人文地理
    1957年 9 巻 4 号 313b-314
    発行日: 1957/10/30
    公開日: 2009/04/28
    ジャーナル フリー
  • ―商店街の事例から―
    飛奈 裕美
    アジア・アフリカ地域研究
    2008年 7 巻 2 号 214-237
    発行日: 2008/03/31
    公開日: 2018/12/05
    ジャーナル フリー

    The aim of this article is to describe how Israeli non-military occupation policies cause problems among Palestinians and how the Palestinians tackle these problems through a case study of Palestinian merchants in the Old City of Jerusalem. Many studies of Israeli occupation and Palestinian resistance have focused on their military aspect. On the other hand, researches on East Jerusalem have generally examined Israeli occupation policies, particularly the policy of “Judaization,” and their impacts on “the Final Status” negotiation in the future, apart from the context of the occupation and the resistance.

    Making use of fieldwork conducted in East Jerusalem by the author, this article will describe the following:

    1. Judaization of Jerusalem has been promoted not only by making the population balance desirable for Jewish Israelis and undesirable for the Palestinians, and confiscating as much land belonging to the Palestinians as possible for Jewish citizens, but also by eliminating “non-Jewish” social, historical, economic, and cultural factors.

    2. The problems of living under occupation are deeply connected to the daily lives of the Palestinians, such as tax problems and settlement activities by Jewish Israelis. These problems are caused by the legal and administrative systems of the occupier.

    3. The reactions of the Palestinians to the problems are also expressed within the occupier’s legal and administrative systems. However, the Palestinians are not subordinate who just obey the occupier’s systems. They re-interpret and utilize the occupier’s legal and administrative systems in order to survive the occupation and keep living in East Jerusalem.

  • 瀬川 孝吉
    熱帯農業
    1978年 22 巻 3 号 145-148
    発行日: 1978/12/28
    公開日: 2010/03/19
    ジャーナル フリー
  • ――インドネシア南スラウェシ州の事例から──
    田中 耕司
    東南アジア研究
    1993年 30 巻 4 号 427-443
    発行日: 1993/03/31
    公開日: 2018/02/28
    ジャーナル フリー
    The term “maritime world,” which is specifically used in the field of history, may appear to have little connection with such subjects as “agriculture” and “peasant.” However, when we focus on the characteristics of lifestyles in the Southeast Asian maritime world and reconsider the characteristics of peasants in the region in this light, we arrive at a different view from the conventional concepts of agriculture and peasants in the Southeast Asian archipelago.
     Based on research findings on the activities of spontaneous migrants settled in frontier areas in Kabupaten Luwu in South Sulawesi, Indonesia, this article discusses peasants and agriculture in the light of such characteristics as “mobility,” “commercial orientation,” and “good networking” which are common to people living in the Southeast Asian maritime world. The finding that not only Bugis migrants, who are famous for their sea-faring and mobility, but also Javanese peasants migrating to frontier regions from the “agricultural-based” world showed similar “maritime” characteristics suggests that such characteristics provide a useful tool to reconsider the concept of agriculture and peasants in the Southeast Asian archipelago. It is also suggested that such reconsideration may be beneficial in approaching and solving the problems pertaining to the relationship between people and resources in the archipelago.
  • ──1905年から1920年代まで──
    藤田 英里
    東南アジア -歴史と文化-
    2009年 2009 巻 38 号 141-167
    発行日: 2009年
    公開日: 2016/12/14
    ジャーナル フリー

    This paper examines early Dutch policy on the Javanese colonization of Gedong Tataän in Southern Sumatra’s Lampung residency, and its influence on the Lampung society.

    Lampung was the location of the first colonization to take place under the guidance and support of the Dutch colonial government in Indonesia. In November 1905, migration began in the Gedong Tataän district with 200 householders from Kedu. Subsequently, five settlements were opened, but they encountered many difficulties which retarded their growth.

    In 1913 the Dutch colonial government decided to stop promoting the colonization, because due to the inadequacies of the applicants, they could not fill the numbers to be recruited in the fourth, fifth and sixth residencies.

    A few years later however, the condition of the settlements improved a great deal. The arable lands, originally intended as wet rice fields but cultivated as dry fields due to the shortage of water, were eventually irrigated and the yields of paddy increased. This led to the resumption of the colonization policy in 1919. From this time, more and more settlers from central Java came at their own expense.

    Most of the migrants were landless peasants or small farmers, mainly coming from some districts of Kedu where they had difficulty finding enough income due to the lack of labor opportunities. They could obtain their own land and earn their own living only by migrating to other islands. A strengthening rice trade caused by the expansion of the so-called technically irrigated rice fields, as well as sufficient labor opportunities, greatly helped the development of the colonies.

    From the 1920s onward, a sudden rise in the pepper price resulted in continued economic development in Lampung which extended the labor market. Demand for workers was satisfied by the temporary labor supplied by Bantenese migrants and Javanese settlers. The latter, specializing in rice cultivation, also supplied rice to Lampungers. This development of rice trade was one of the conditions that enabled Lampungers to plant pepper without cultivating any food crops.

    In the 1920s, the relations among Javanese settlers, Lampungers and Bantenese migrants had a reciprocal nature, and they coexisted with each other by working to their respective strengths and making up for the weaknesses of others.

  • 鈴木 庄亮
    民族衛生
    1984年 50 巻 2 号 53
    発行日: 1984年
    公開日: 2010/06/28
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 田中 耕司
    東南アジア研究
    1982年 20 巻 1 号 60-93
    発行日: 1982/08/16
    公開日: 2018/05/31
    ジャーナル フリー
    This report summarizes the results of a survey conducted in Kecamatan Malili, Wotu and Bua Ponrang of Kabupaten Luwu from December 1980 through January 1981. Many spontaneous and independent migrants, in addition to the governmental transmigrants, come to this region of low population density and clear agricultural land for themselves. The spontaneous migrants, most of whom are Torajanese and Buginese from the neighbouring Kabupaten, clear forest to make wet-rice fields (sawah), upland fields (ladang) or estates (kebun) for commercial crops. The process by which they adapt to the new environment and their impact on the native people were investigated.
     The Torajanese migrants have a strong tendency to establish wet-rice fields in their settlements similar to those in their homeland, while the Buginese migrants have a wider adaptability which enables them to employ various methods of cultivation in their settlements. The Buginese migrants tend to grow commercial crops such as cengke (cloves) in addition to wet rice. The native people affected by the migrants have begun to open permanent fields for rice instead of practicing shifting cultivation. Their permanent rice fields are called sawah ladang, wet-rice fields derived from shifting-cultivated fields; they are not yet well enough established to be called ‘real’ wet-rice fields. In the migrant settlements, rice is usually cultivated first by dibbling without tillage, then by cangkul-tillage and transplanting after the fields have been bunded. Migrants intend eventually to adopt buffalo-ploughing in place of cangkul-tillage. The changes involved in this process of developing wetrice cultivation in the new agricultural settlements are discussed.
  • 田中 耕司
    熱帯農業
    1997年 41 巻 2 号 107-110
    発行日: 1997/06/01
    公開日: 2010/03/19
    ジャーナル フリー
  • -ヴァイマール期ドイツの内地植民政策による農場創設の事例研究-
    光野 正清, 石川 恒夫
    農村計画学会誌
    2018年 36 巻 4 号 577-586
    発行日: 2018/03/30
    公開日: 2019/03/30
    ジャーナル フリー

    This study investigates the background, surrounding circumstances characteristics of farm establishments under internal colonization through field research on a specific case in Hardebek, county Segeberg, Schleswig-Holstein. To date, research on internal colonization policies has focused on institutions. Therefore, the topics such as the background of farm establishments, the circumstances surrounding it, and its architectural characteristics are almost entirely unknown. This study also considers the case of a farm established in 1922 in Hardebek by the Public Interest Colonial Company Schleswig-Holstein Agricultural Bank as part of structural alterations in dwelling houses for seasonal workers and discusses the background, surrounding circumstances of early farm establishments in Hardebek, while analyzing related contracts, building permit drawings.

  • 金森 正郎
    日本地理学会発表要旨集
    2018年 2018s 巻 335
    発行日: 2018年
    公開日: 2018/06/27
    会議録・要旨集 フリー
    高校地理ではポピュラーな教材のひとつである屯田兵村の集落形態は,大学受験参考書において「北米のタウンシップを模範にして碁盤目状の区画に散村」と説明されていることが多いが,屯田兵村区画と殖民地区画が混同されているのではないか。「碁盤目状の区画に散村」という表現について注目し屯田兵村の集落形態がどのように表現されてきたのかということを整理したところ以下のことがわかった。「碁盤目状の区画」は,300間四方の区画である殖民地区画の中区画と短冊状の地割りから構成される屯田兵村の集落の双方を表現している。「散村」は,殖民地区画における入植地と,屯田兵村における「粗居制度」あるいは「計画的散居村」との双方を表現している。異なるスケールで観察される2種類の集落形態が,同じ「碁盤目状の区画で散村」という表現になってしまっている。「散村」は屯田兵村解体後の変化のようすでもある。「碁盤目状の区画に散村」という表現は,屯田兵村の集落と殖民地区画の集落のいずれにも該当する表現として用いられてきたようであり,このことが大学受験参考書における屯田兵村の扱いの混乱の原因のひとつであろう。
  • ヒメネス ベルデホ J.R., 布野 修司, 齋木 崇人
    日本建築学会計画系論文集
    2007年 72 巻 617 号 95-101
    発行日: 2007/07/30
    公開日: 2017/02/25
    ジャーナル フリー
    Authors have been conducting the field research under the title 'Origin, Transformation, Alteration and Conservation of Urban Space of Colonial cities' since 1999. In the period of the Spanish urbanism in America, one of the most interesting creations was the Colony of Nuevo Santander, constructed 250 years ago. The formation of this group of spanish colonial cities was made at the same time, in the period (1749-1776), in the same area (Nuevo Santander of Mexico, now Tamaulipas region) in the same territorial net and designed all by the same person (Jose de Escandon) and with similar plan. But in that time all theses cities were planed under the influence of 250 years before of Spanish urban experience in America. This paper analyze Urban Model by Jose de Escandon. The design of the cities of D. Jose Escandon was based on the same grid model with square Plazas with dimensions that move between 124 varas and 224 varas. The form and distributition of the block depends on the dimension of the Plaza. This paper discusses mainly the differences between the Escandon's model and the model by Indias Laws.
  • 深谷 雅嗣
    宗教研究
    2016年 89 巻 Suppl 号 264-265
    発行日: 2016/03/30
    公開日: 2017/07/14
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 松平 勇二
    宗教研究
    2016年 89 巻 Suppl 号 263-264
    発行日: 2016/03/30
    公開日: 2017/07/14
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 加藤 房雄
    社会経済史学
    1986年 51 巻 4 号 490-519,583-58
    発行日: 1986/01/15
    公開日: 2017/07/08
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    Der Reserverittmeister der franzosischen Armee, Graf Paul de Pourtales, war ein franzosischer Adeliger in Paris. Vor dem Ausbruch des Ersten Weltkriegs erbte er die etwa 2,200 ha groBe Herrschaft Glumbowitz in der preuBischen Provinz Schlesien. Diese Herrschaft war ein FamilienfideikommiB. Also kann man sagen, daB Graf Paul de Pourtales ein franzosischer Staatsangehoriger war, der ein deutsches FideikommiB besaB. Am 12. Marz 1918 ordnete der damalige Reichskanzler Graf Georg von Hertling die Liquidation der im Besitz des Grafen Paul de Pourtales befindlichen Herrschaft Glumbowitz an. Und zwar auf Grund eines Bekanntmachung vom 14. Marz v.J., die besagte, daB franzosische Unternehmungen zu liquidieren seien. Infolgedessen ging der Besitz dieser FideikommiB-Herrschaft auf den deutschen Staatsangehorigen, den Kaiserlichen Botschafter z.D., Grafen Friedrich von Pourtales, uber. Die Kosten, welche Graf Friedrich fur den Erwerb der Herrschaft zu tragen hatte, betrngen ungefahr 1,900,000 Mark. Dieser Betrag enthielt den Ubernahmepreis von Kriegsanleihen im Werte von etwa 1,300,000 Mark. Dabei spielte ,,die Graf James von Pourtales'sche Stiftung zur Forderung der inneren Kolonisation in Breslau" eine gewisse Vermittlerrolle zwischen dem staatlichen Liquidator (Verkaufer) und dem Grafen Friedrich von Pourtales (Kaufer). Graf James war der deutsche Vetter des Grafen Paul. Uber solch eine FideikommiBfrage ware wohl das Folgende zu sagen: die Liquidation der Herrschaft Glumbowitz nach der Anordnung vom 12 Marz 1918 bedeutete nichts anderes, als daB dem Grafen Paul de Pourtales sein FideikommiBbesitzrecht in Deutschland entzogen wurde. Soweit es sich um diesen Punkt handelt, spielte die Bekanntmachung bezuglich der Liquidation franzosicher Unternehmungen (s. o.) tatsachlich eine Art Landenteignungsgesetz. Andererseits wurde aber ,,die Graf James von Pourtales'sche Stiftung" bevorzugt, um die innere Kolonisation in Schlesien zu fordern. Damit beabsichtigte die deutsche Regierung, zur Grundung einigen Siedlungsgelandes, wie zum Beispiel sogenannter Kriegerheimstatten, auch die fur GroBbetriebe ungeeigneten Teile der Herrschaft zu verwerten. AuBerdem durfen wir die historische Bedeutung der Ausgabe von Kriegsanleihen nicht ubersehen. Die deutsche Regierung erwarb eine groBe Summe fur ihre imperialistischen Kriegskosten, indem sie die Kriegsanleihe ausgab und durch den Grafen Friedrich von Pourtales diese Anleihe ubernehmen lieB. Das deutsche FideikommiB (das Pourtales'sche FideikommiB), welches am Ende des Ersten Weltkriegs aus dem Besitz des feindlichen Frankreich zuruckgenommen wurde, hatte fur den deutschen Imperialismus recht eigentlich eine praktische Bedeutung als Mittel der Kapitalbeschaffung des eigentlichen Kriegsziels.
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