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全文: "公訴時効"
22件中 1-20の結果を表示しています
  • 岡田 泉
    世界法年報
    1996年 1996 巻 15 号 49-70
    発行日: 1996/03/20
    公開日: 2011/02/07
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 早乙女 宜宏
    法政論叢
    2016年 52 巻 2 号 61-
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2017/11/01
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 平野 泰樹
    國學院女子短期大学紀要
    1989年 7 巻 25-103
    発行日: 1989/03/20
    公開日: 2018/07/19
    研究報告書・技術報告書 フリー
  • 平野 泰樹
    國學院女子短期大学紀要
    1985年 3 巻 81-121
    発行日: 1985/03/03
    公開日: 2018/07/19
    研究報告書・技術報告書 フリー
  • 落合 福司
    帯広大谷短期大学紀要
    1988年 25 巻 A39-A53
    発行日: 1988/03/25
    公開日: 2017/06/13
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 松尾 浩也
    日本學士院紀要
    2014年 68 巻 2 号 181-195
    発行日: 2014年
    公開日: 2017/04/05
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 三枝 有
    法政論叢
    1999年 35 巻 2 号 43-54
    発行日: 1999/05/15
    公開日: 2017/11/01
    ジャーナル フリー

    "Corruption" means public servants' committing irregularities by abusing their positions or authorities such as receiving a bribe. Such an act may corrupt the administrations, injure people's trust on the government and may bring about internal collapse of the democratic state. Therefore if public servants, who are entrusted with the administration of the country by people, distort the national administration by receiving money, such an act must be reprimanded severely as they have betrayed people's trust. And the law stipulates that such an act is the target for punishment as a specific crime. That is to say, the crimes such as bribery (Article 197-198), a misfeasance, forgery of documents, an usurpation and breach of trust are punishable by the criminal laws. However, although those crimes are punished by cruelest restrictions on human rights, the administrative vice minister as well as the professor of the national university had hand in a bribery case. Under those circumstances it is necessary to review the function and meaning of punishment. The public servants' ethics is regarded as the extension of morals as human geings in Japan, while, generally speaking, in other developed countries it is understood and provided individually as somethins special based on politicians' or public servants' status, as something that demands specific and practical duties. Therefore bribery tends to be punished by various special laws or by the parliament itself unlike Japan, where most of bribery cases are punished as a crime. So it is necessary to form public servants' ethics by not only actively applying punishment but also by improving and thoroughly applying expansive preventive measures such as education trainint, opening or personal assets to the public, internal and external administrative monitoring system and others. Also at this stage punishment must not be given as formal, administrative punishment. Instead, punishment must emphasize the formation of publi servants' ethics of not committing minor wrongdoings based on the belief that minor wrongdoings will lead to major wrongdoings. For that purpose it is necessary to clarify the specific line between illegal acts and legal acts by presenting public servants more specific norms of acts and obligate them to follow such norms, instead of merely depending on individual person's sense of morality. After making public servants understand the framework of their ethics by such a specific obligation, severe punishment must be given to a bribery case according to the criminal law based on the concept that a major crime cannot be tolerated, because in such a case the ethical order is violated by going beyond this framework. In this case attention must be paid to the iprovement of criminal laws and ordinances and the need of their more active application. That is to say, what is necessary is not only active intrepretation of the criminal laws and ordinances but also the establishment of punishment aganst bribery by the third paurty who acts as a mediator of prorit taking by taking advantage of one's positions, extension of a prosecution and prescription period, mandatory submission of testimonies and evidences according to the provision of an assumed proof and the establishment of the provision of crimial exemption, the public servants' obligation of waiver of their non-disclosure right in relation to their jobs. Taking into account the fat that most of the bribery cases start with a briber's side today, severer punishment must be given to a briber. Furthermore bribers are often corporatons, so the provision of punishing both a recipient and a briber and also provision of punishing a corporation must be considered. This paper contains the following items: 1. Introductoin (1) Provision of a bribery case (2) True nature and punishability of a bribery case 2. Form and

    (View PDF for the rest of the abstract.)

  • 西 英二, 田代 幸寛, 酒井 謙二
    化学と生物
    2017年 55 巻 8 号 559-565
    発行日: 2017/07/20
    公開日: 2018/07/20
    ジャーナル フリー

    現在の犯罪捜査において,ヒトDNA型鑑定は多くの事件に活用され,犯人の特定や犯罪事実の証明に欠かせないものとなっている.しかし,いまだに解決できないさまざまな問題があり,昨今のあらゆる種類の犯罪に対応できていない.しかしながら,人体に存在する微生物叢を網羅的に解析するヒトマイクロバイオーム解析の発展に伴い,微生物を法科学分野にも利用する動きが見られるようになった.このヒトDNA型鑑定とは異なるアプローチによって,現在の法科学分野のさまざまな問題点を克服できる可能性がある.つまり,従来の一般の鑑定手法では有効な情報を得ることができなかった資料について,そこに存在する細菌叢を利用して個人の異同識別が可能であることがわかってきた.

  • 堀江 湛, 石田 榮仁郎
    法政論叢
    1994年 30 巻 1-7
    発行日: 1994/05/15
    公開日: 2017/11/01
    ジャーナル フリー
    From 10:00am on November 13, 1993 (Sat.) at HOKURIKU University, the eight members reported their research findings on the given topic, "Political Ethics." This was followed by three commentators, and further followed by a question and answer session in the floor. Prof.Fukashi HORIE, KEIO University, and I were selected as coordinators of this Symposium. Being novice coordinate except Prof.HORIE, I hesitate to say that we glided through the Symposium. Nevertheless, thanks to the cooperative, understanding and tolerant members, the Symposium closed very successfully.
  • 池本 卯典
    日本獣医師会雑誌
    2008年 61 巻 6 号 405-413
    発行日: 2008/06/20
    公開日: 2011/06/17
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 伊東 研祐
    法社会学
    2010年 2010 巻 72 号 48-60
    発行日: 2010年
    公開日: 2017/01/31
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
  • 井上 享
    保険学雑誌
    2009年 2009 巻 606 号 606_231-606_250
    発行日: 2009/09/30
    公開日: 2011/11/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    現在の生命保険約款における保険給付の履行期の規定は,保険会社による事実の確認が必要である場合には,例外的に,その確認が終了するまで期限を延伸する旨の但書を伴うことが通常であり,この点は損害保険約款と同様である。ところが,平成9年の最高裁判決において,火災保険についてこの但書の効力が否定され,これ以降,学界,保険業界ともに活発な議論が展開されている。このようななか,保険法において,保険給付の履行期に関する規律が新設された。そこで,生命保険約款の改正の方向性について,実務実態にも鑑みて,主として事実の確認の明確化と履行期限の具体的明示という観点から,検討を試みる。
  • 徐 勝
    法社会学
    2001年 2001 巻 54 号 97-115,260
    発行日: 2001/03/30
    公開日: 2009/01/15
    ジャーナル フリー
    In East Asia, under dictatorial rule that was institutionalized through wartime laws, emergency laws and martial law, state-sponsored terrorism hit hard peoples.
    In South Korea, there were many massacres perpetrated by the state from the "Cheju 4.3 Uprising" of 1948 to the "Kwangju Massacre" of 1980, claiming up to one million victims. Ten thousands were killed in Taiwan, under the massacres of the "2.28 Uprising" of 1946 and of the "white terrorism of the 1950s".
    With the collapse of the Cold War, the crimes began to be brought to light and movements for reparation of the victims were emerged. In South Korea, the establishment of a law on compensation for victims related to "the Kwangju democratization movement" was a big breakthrough in the struggle against the Cold War/National Division-based ruling system.
    Then in October 1999, AP released a massacre by U.S. troops during the Korean War of people of Nogeun-li. In December 1999, including a special law on the Cheju 4.3 Uprising, three laws to "bury the past" were concluded. In Taiwan, a "Compensation Act for Victims of 2.28" was established in 1995 and a law to compensate victims of the white terrorism of the 1950s was passed in 1998.
    The reparation for victims of state sponsored terrorism in South Korea and Taiwan has been closely connected with demands for democratization and has been a driving force for its promotion. But the "red complex" still persists to this day. And there are a lot more cases of state-sponsored violence that have not been dealt with. Overcoming the legacy of the Cold War will be achieved through the movement for restoration of the victims' humanity, and pursuing the work of remedying the damage caused by state terrorism will lead to an age of peace and human rights in East Asia.
  • 松尾 浩也
    日本學士院紀要
    2010年 64 巻 2 号 71-87
    発行日: 2010年
    公開日: 2017/04/05
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 平野 泰樹
    國學院短期大学紀要
    1994年 12 巻 111-143
    発行日: 1994/03/23
    公開日: 2018/07/19
    研究報告書・技術報告書 フリー
  • 三枝 有
    法政論叢
    2017年 53 巻 2 号 33-
    発行日: 2017年
    公開日: 2017/11/01
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 樋口 禎志
    産学連携学
    2006年 3 巻 2 号 2_22-2_28
    発行日: 2006年
    公開日: 2007/09/28
    ジャーナル フリー
    国際的な産学連携活動を推進するには,貨物の輸出又は技術の提供に関して定められている輸出規制への適切な対応が必要となる.専門分野としていかに優秀な研究成果の移転であろうとも違法行為は許されるものではない.特に,安全保障に係わる輸出規制に違反した場合は,世界の平和と安全の維持を妨げる行為となる.
    本稿では,産学連携において輸出管理の対象となると考えられるものの例示,輸出管理関係法令の概要と管理すべき基本的事項,独立行政法人産業技術総合研究所の輸出管理への取組みについて述べる.
  • 城下 裕二
    犯罪社会学研究
    2005年 30 巻 7-19
    発行日: 2005/10/18
    公開日: 2017/03/30
    ジャーナル フリー
    2004年9月に「凶悪・重大犯罪に対処するための刑事法の整備に関する要綱(骨子)」が法務大臣に答申され,同年12月に「刑法等の一部を改正する法律」として可決・成立し,2005年1月より施行された.本改正の内容は多岐にわたるが,最も注目されたのは刑法典における凶悪・重大犯罪の(約1世紀ぶりの)法定刑引上げである.今回の改正は「治安回復のための基盤整備」の施策の一環であり,法制審議会における審議状況を概観すると,法定刑引上げを必要とする立法事実としては,(a)国民の正義観念(規範意識)の変化,(b)犯罪認知件数の増加,(c)科刑状況の厳格化の3要因が挙げられ,これらは各種の統計資料によって根拠づけられるということが事務当局から説明されている.本稿は,審議会議事録および配布資料の内容を分析することにより,事務当局が指摘するような立法事実を根拠づけるのは困難であること,また,仮にそうした事実が存在するとしても,法定刑引上げという立法政策が直ちに正当化されるものではないことを明らかにする.そして,わが国の刑事立法政策過程が,EBP(エビデンス・ベイスト・ポリシー)の発想から学ぶべき点は何かを検討する.
  • 三枝 有
    法政論叢
    1994年 30 巻 58-66
    発行日: 1994/05/15
    公開日: 2017/11/01
    ジャーナル フリー
    At present, in most civilized countries, political ethics is taken as a very important matter and seems a difficult thing. Politicians are so accustomed to receive a lot of money as the political contribution. But their attitude invites much suspicion about their motives. The political ethics we have today will never be too easy to preserve. If we want to find out the value of political ethics, see the law situations in the United States of America, England, and Germany. In these countries, except for political parties, political ethics forbids enterprises to contribute a large sum of money to politicians. But, in Japan, the legal system of political ethics is insufficient to prevent corruption. f politics today seems to deteriorate, if it seems to become more and more chaotic and meaningless, it is primarily because we have no settled and satisfactory arrangement for political contributions, and because we have both vague and diverse legal policies about the prevention of corruption. The first essential institutions will be established institutions for the prevention of political corruption. So, it is only through criminal punishment and administrative sanctions that a way out can be found from the danger with which political corruption is threatening democracy. We will find out that it is worth while to strengthen the articles against bribery, that it is worth while to establish a third surveillance organization, and that other sanctions provide us practical and effective measures. This paper contains the following items: 1.Introduction 2.Situations of Political Ethics and Punishment 3.The Political Contribution and the Bribe 4.The Conception of Bribes 5.Conclusion
  • 大塚 祐輔, 平間 一樹, 横田 賀英子, 渡邉 和美, 和智 妙子
    日本法科学技術学会誌
    2017年 22 巻 1 号 25-34
    発行日: 2017年
    公開日: 2017/01/28
    [早期公開] 公開日: 2016/09/30
    ジャーナル フリー
     The present study compared decision tree analysis to logistic regression analysis in order to investigate whether decision tree analysis has sufficient ability to construct a model that predicts offender characteristics from the crime scene and/or victim information. The data used in this study were collected from solved single homicide cases that occurred in Japan between 2004 and 2009 (n=1226). After constructing models that predict offender's criminal history by logistic regression analysis and decision tree analysis, AUC (area under the ROC curve) of those models and the predictive values were compared. The AUC was .75 (p<.001) for logistic regression model and .71 (p<.001) for the decision tree model. A significant difference between these AUCs was not observed (χ2(1)=3.71, p=.05). The predictive values were 67.3% for both the logistic regression model and the decision tree model. These findings suggest that the decision tree is comparable to logistic regression analysis in constructing a model that predicts the offender's criminal history from offence characteristics in single homicide cases.
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