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  • 洞庭 賢一, 鈴木 茂孝, 清水 道子, 佐野 直美, 岡島 光治
    心臓
    1981年 13 巻 3 号 330-335
    発行日: 1981/03/25
    公開日: 2013/05/24
    ジャーナル フリー
    主として20歳代の健康男女102名にうぎ,Holter心電図記録を行い,24時間の日常生活中の期外収縮およびII度房室ブロックの発生頻度を見た.心室性期外収縮を21名(21%),上室性期外収縮を64名(63%)に認めたが,唱いずれもその90%の例において,24時間中の発生頻度は10拍未満であった.そのため,期外収縮の発生自体は異常ではないが,それが頻発するものは正常範囲を外れると結論した.一方,II度房室ブロックは9名(9%)に認め,その大部分は2:1伝導のものの間欠発生であったが,心室群の脱落が1分間に20個に達する例もあった.かかる頻発例はともかくとして,II度房室ブロックの発生自体は,健常現象と考えてよいのではないかと考案した.なお,24時間の1回記録で期外収縮もII度房室ブロックもともに認めなかった例は,30名(29%)であった,また.心室性期外収縮の例でも,連発,多源性,R-on-Tのものはなかった.また,II度房室ブロックも認めなかった.
  • 相模 誓雄
    日本建築学会計画系論文集
    2016年 81 巻 728 号 2269-2279
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2016/10/30
    ジャーナル フリー
     Chapter 1. In this research, storehouses of domains in the Otsu rice market are studied, which do not have any architectural remains and not draw much attention in the architectural history, and the purpose is to clarify the principle of spatial structures and key points of building structures. I pointed out that the rice exchange house that controlled rice transactions occupied an important position in the Otsu rice market.
     Chapter 2. It shows past studies and procedures of the study. The six storehouses were examined, for which their conditions in the domain administration can be known from the drawing.
     Chapter 3. It shows the formation, positional relation between a rice exchange house and a storehouse, and facts of building arrangement for each storehouse. In Otsu town, the storehouses were established with the rice exchange house at the center. They can be classified according to the location. The type II formed a streetscape with shophouses. The one side of the site faced the street while the other side faced the Lake. On the other hand, Hikone-gura(type I) was located on the back of the shophouse, and its site was sticking out toward the Lake like peninsular. Regardless of the type, the storehouses in the later stage of domain administration could be divided into three sections: the residence of officers, the storage like storehouses and the place for unloading. And the front gate and the stepped pier called Gangi (or landing pier) are connected with the passage (or garden). When looking at building arrangement of the type II, regardless of the size of the site, a residence, storehouse and shrine were located closer to the rice exchange house. The wing of the storehouse was facing to the street. The front side of the shrine was facing to the passage. At the storehouse front or unloading place, there was a place with a fence called Haeba, and the three sections as described above also had fences on the border. On the other hand, building arrangement of Hikone-gura(type I) was different from the type II. The wing of the storehouse was not facing to the street while the front side of the shrine was facing to the street.
     Chapter 4. The meaning of common/different points in spatial structures clarified in Chapter 3 was studied. First, I thought that the three sections were formed according to conditions of transportation of goods in any storehouses. Second, building arrangement of the type II could be established based on spatial recognition with placing the rice exchange house at the higher level. As the result, the location of the main residence was determined, but rational utilization of the land was achieved by placing the storehouses next to the residence. With regard to Hikone-gura(type I) located on the back of the shophouse, its front gate was open at the corner of the site near the rice exchange house, and the main residence was located on the center of the site. Third, when looking from the storehouse, it was considered that the defense line was established by a fence of Haeba or partition on the border. Furthermore, all storehouses commonly had double defense lines on the lakeside. Fourth, the reason for building arrangement of Hikone-gura(type I) that differs from the type II could be due to special conditions of its location. Fifth, the shrine was arranged with the storehouse in mind.
     Chapter 5. In conclusion, the Otsu storehouse was formed based on the principle of spatial structures with transportation of goods, and lakeside defense was focused in the building structure.
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