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全文: "原田千枝子"
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  • Sayaka Sakane, Hiroyuki Enomoto, Nozomu Tamaki, Nobuhiko Oridate
    耳鼻咽喉科臨床 補冊
    2014年 140 巻 86-87
    発行日: 2014年
    公開日: 2014/11/19
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    We experienced four cases of laryngeal paralysis associated with reactivation of the varicella-zoster virus (VZV). In all cases, the titers of the EIA antibody (IgG) were markedly increased. All patients were treated with an anti-viral agent and steroid. After treatment, there were no residual signs of the disease in all cases. In cases of unilateral cranial nerve palsy in which vesicles are either present or absent, herpes zoster should be considered and early treatment with anti-viral agent and steroid should be performed.
  • 藤井 徹, 今村 清
    大気汚染学会誌
    1979年 14 巻 7 号 285-295
    発行日: 1979/07/20
    公開日: 2011/11/08
    ジャーナル フリー
    Aphysical measurement, as well as chemical analysis, of air pollutants is one of the most important research to clarify the effects of the pollutants on the human body, especially on the respiratory organs.
    In this paper, numbers and sizes of the acid mist particles in the ambient air were investigated at the four sites near industrial areas for one and half years, and the following results were obtained.
    (1) The observed numbers of the acid mist particles were in the wide range from 0 to 26, 700/m3, depending on the sampling times and sites.
    (2) The diurnal changes in the acid mist particle concentrations are classified into seven types of categolies. Among them, the most frequently observed type, mainly in autumn and winter, was that the observed values of particle numbers were high in the morning and the evening and lower in the daytime.
    (3) The observed sizes of the acid mist particles were in the range from 1μEm to 8μm, depending on the sampling times and sites. In most cases, the considerable part of all particles was occupied by the smaller particles of about 1μm.
    (4) The diurnal changes in the acid mist particles size distribution are classified into eight types of categolies. Among them, the most frequently observed type was that all of the particles were less than 2μm and the distribution rate was not changed.
    (5) In summer, the observed values of the acid mist particle concentrations were high and the minor particles occupied the main part of the size distribution.
  • 溜箭 紀子, 畑 裕子, 栗田 宣彦, 奥野 妙子
    耳鼻咽喉科臨床
    2008年 101 巻 8 号 611-615
    発行日: 2008/08/01
    公開日: 2011/10/07
    ジャーナル フリー
    We encountered two cases of multiple cranial nerve palsy involvement with varicella-zoster virus, where X cranial nerve palsy, more specifically vocal cord palsy, had recovered after prolonged progress. The patients were a 57-year-old female who complained of hoarseness and dysphagia and a 51-year-old male who complained of hoarseness, right hearing impairment and right facial palsy. The first patient had IX·X nerve palsy and the second patient had VII·VIII·IX·X nerve palsy. Both cases showed complete vocal cord palsy because of X cranial nerve involvement. In the first case, vocal cord palsy had persisted for eleven months, then recovered quickly during the twelfth month. In the second, vocal cord palsy recovered slowly over ten months. In case of X cranial nerve palsy due to varicella-zoster virus, we should consider that each case may show an individual recovery process with a widely varied time course.
  • 坂根 さやか, 榎本 浩幸, 玉木 望, 折舘 伸彦
    耳鼻咽喉科臨床
    2014年 107 巻 5 号 399-404
    発行日: 2014年
    公開日: 2014/05/01
    ジャーナル 認証あり
    We experienced four cases of laryngeal paralysis associated with due to reactivation of the varicella-zoster virus (VZV). In all cases, the titers of the EIA antibody (IgG) were markedly increased. All patients were treated with an anti-viral agent and steroid. After treatment, there were no residual signs of the disease in all cases. In cases of unilateral cranial nerve palsy in which vesicles are either present or absent, herpes zoster should be considered and early treatment with anti-viral agent and steroid should be performed.
  • 田中 浩喜, 兵 行義, 福島 久毅, 與田 茂利, 濵本 真一, 原田 保
    耳鼻咽喉科臨床 補冊
    2017年 149 巻 42-50
    発行日: 2017年
    公開日: 2017/04/03
    ジャーナル 認証あり

    Involvement of the cranial nerves during the reactivation of varicella zoster virus (VZV) is known as Ramsay Hunt syndrome (RHS) and can result in paralysis of the facial muscles (cranial nerve VII) and damage to the vestibulocochlear nerve (cranial nerve VIII) with the formation of cutaneous ear vesicles. The involvement of cranial nerves other than VII and VIII sometimes occurs during the reactivation of VZV and can result in paralysis of the soft palate or vocal cords, etc. These effects typically arise from the involvement of the glossopharyngeal nerve (cranial nerve IX) or the vagus nerve (cranial nerve X). Initial symptoms can include a sore throat, hoarseness, and dysphagia, and a physical examination may reveal vesicular eruptions over various parts of pharyngolaryngeal mucosa. A pharyngolaryngoscopic examination may reveal eruptions on a unilateral side of the pharyngeal, laryngeal or epiglottic mucosa, with paralysis of the vocal cords or salivary storage in a unilateral piriform fossa. Here, we report two cases of vocal cord paralysis caused by VZV reactivation: a case with RHS and paralysis of the vocal cords, and a case with dysphagia and paralysis of the vocal cords and a sore throat as the initial symptoms.

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