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  • 久保 有朋, 岡崎 篤行, 松井 大輔
    日本建築学会計画系論文集
    2016年 81 巻 726 号 1695-1703
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2016/08/30
    ジャーナル フリー
     1. Background and Purpose
     Kagai collectively inherit many aspect of traditional Japanese culture, from architecture to music and cuisine both tangible and intangible. In the past, Kagai were ubiquitous throughout Japan. Today, the number of active Kagai is about 40. Furu-machi Kagai is a significant area, because the historic townscape, which is different from those in Kyoto or Kanazawa, is remained. Most traditional Kagai in comparatively large cities were lost by air raids in the Second World War. This study aims to clarify transition of distribution on buildings in Kagai at the period of 1930, 1958, 1972 and 2013.

     2. Overview and Methodology
     The gross area of Niigata is approximately 726 km2 and its population in 2015 is approximately 800,000. Niigata was originally established as a port-town and rebuilt on the present site in 1655. Furu-machi is located in the center of Niigata. In this study, field works, searching for old maps, interviews with experienced Geisha etc. were conducted.

     3. Transition of distribution on buildings in Furu-machi Kagai
     In 1930, Furu-machi was comprised of 17 Ryoriya, 27 Machiai, 98 Okiya.
     In 1958, there were 27 Ryoriya, 21 Machiai, 52 Okiya.
     In 1972, there were 27 Ryoriya, 18 Machiai, 48 Okiya.
     In 2013, there were 12 Ryoriya, 2 Machiai, 2 Okiya.
     Kagai buildings concentrate along the East and West Shin-michi street during the whole period.

     4. Conclusions
     1) Kagai buildings concentrate along the East and West Shin-michi street during the whole period.
     2) The number of Ryoriya is larger than Machiai from 1958 to 2013. But there are more Machiai than Ryoriya in 1930.
     3) The dense area of Okiya moved from the West Shin-michi to the East Shin-michi at the period between 1930 and 1958. Ryoriya was distributed on the entire area at the period between 1930 and 1958.
     4) A large number of Machiai and Okiya were changed into to modern eating and drinking businesses.
     5) East Shin-michi is regarded to be the most important area for townscape conservation and improvement.
  • 佐藤 智文, 岡崎 篤行, 松井 大輔
    日本建築学会技術報告集
    2015年 21 巻 49 号 1223-1228
    発行日: 2015/10/20
    公開日: 2015/10/20
    ジャーナル フリー
    Kagai (traditional entertainment district) has inherited various Japanese culture. Kagai of Hokkaido and Tohoku district escaped the air raid in World War II. So these Kagai districts still have historical buildings. Purpose of this study is to gasp the outlooks of Kagai in Hokkaido and Tohoku district, and to analize the transition of building use in Nanokamachi-Kagai and Imamachi-Kagai.
  • 渡辺 篤史, 岡崎 篤行
    日本建築学会計画系論文集
    2016年 81 巻 720 号 369-376
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2016/02/28
    ジャーナル フリー
     The purpose of this paper is to clarify the number of remaining historic buildings in Niigata and to understand design character of these buildings. This is to prepare a basic data for expected district designation and establishment of a design guideline. Major results are as fi llows: 1) 1,405 / 10,358 buildings are estimated to be historic buildings. 2) Over 50 types of facede design are extracted from 490 Machiya, traditional marchants' houses. 3) Machiya in Niigata are essentially Tateya whose ridge of the roof is vertical to the attached street. Additionally, T-type, a Mixture of Tateya and Yokoya, whose ridge of the roof is horizontal to the attached street, is typical and distinctive Machiya in present Niigata.
  • 渡辺 篤史, 岡崎 篤行
    日本建築学会技術報告集
    2016年 22 巻 50 号 313-318
    発行日: 2016/02/20
    公開日: 2016/02/20
    ジャーナル フリー
    The purpose of this paper is to suggest a new type of entire survey on historic buildings within a traditional town, mainly consisted of Machiya, historic merchant houses. It is intended that the result of this survey is used as a basic report for expected historic district designation and establishment of design guidelines. Notable features of this survey are as follows: 1) It can be conducted within a reratively short period of time by adopting simple method. 2) Detailed analysis on facade characteristics is available.
  • 宮島 悠夏, 岡崎 篤行, 松井 大輔
    日本建築学会技術報告集
    2016年 22 巻 51 号 739-742
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2016/06/20
    ジャーナル フリー
    “Kagai” is a precious entertainment district that succeeds Japanese traditional culture including architecture, dress, dance, music, cuisine, etc. However they are declining because of changing entertainment trend. As a way of activation in kagai, townscape can be enhanced by placing traditional lanterns on many shops and houses. This paper shows how these lanterns are placed in kagai. These lanterns are placed by various types of organizations.
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