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全文: "国家戦略特別区域"
17件中 1-17の結果を表示しています
  • 山場 淳史, 渡辺 豊, 有田 正俊, 二谷 卓, 東 敏生, 佐野 俊和, 與儀 兼三
    日本森林学会大会発表データベース
    2017年 128 巻 J15
    発行日: 2017/05/26
    公開日: 2017/06/20
    会議録・要旨集 フリー

    広島県および愛媛県今治市が国家戦略特別区域法に基づく地域指定を2015年12月に受け,特定実験試験局制度に関する特例を活用した無人ヘリ(ドローン)による①インフラ点検,②島しょ部での物資輸送,③山林の状況調査の実証試験を2016年10月から開始している。③に関しては実施主体のルーチェサーチ株式会社(以下LS社)に広島県立総合技術研究所林業技術センターが協力し,広島県廿日市市吉和の民有スギ林(約6ha;2014年8月地上型計測済)において2016年11月2日にLS社SPIDERによるレーザー計測を行った。本報では,地形再現性として地上型とのDTM(数値地形モデル)精度比較,立木補足精度や樹幹形状把握可能性として株式会社woodinfo森林デジタルドキュメント化システムDigital Forest解析結果やオリジナル点群データでの比較,樹冠部データ活用方法としてDTM・DSM(数値表層モデル)差分による樹高計算の検討等を行った。その結果,1mメッシュ相当のDTM生成は可能であったものの,立木情報取得のためには樹幹部フットプリントの密度と精度を高める必要があると考察され,航行ルート・高度やレーザー計測機セッティングの工夫等の再検討を行った。

  • 飛田 章
    日本機械学会誌
    2018年 121 巻 1200 号 16-17
    発行日: 2018/11/05
    公開日: 2019/01/30
    解説誌・一般情報誌 認証あり
  • 吉田 一喜
    日本不動産学会誌
    2016年 30 巻 2 号 45-49
    発行日: 2016/09/28
    公開日: 2017/09/28
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 時吉 康範, 田中 靖記
    産業学会研究年報
    2016年 2016 巻 31 号 1-12
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2017/04/03
    ジャーナル フリー
    Every industry is faced with high uncertainty of the social and economic environment. Companies in the social infrastructure industry also adequately deal with such uncertainty. In these surroundings, “Forecast” approach is necessary but no longer sufficient for the new business development, subject creation of research and development and medium and/or long term strategy formulation. This paper indicates that it is important that the companies fully utilize “Foresight” approach for the companies to deal with the uncertainty.
    Forecast approach adopts the following methods that using the definite elements and the quantitative datasets. One set of prior conditions draws one certain conclusion on this approach. This is suitable under the stable-growth period or in the stable industries.
    “Foresight” approach focuses, meanwhile, on the uncertain materials and qualitative elements for developing businesses and strategies. Such materials and elements list users’ sense of values, societal changes and some other impacts in the future.
    This paper provides two examples in order to show the efficacy of “Foresight” approach. First example is the current situation and new business model of the water industry in India. Second one is the actual practices of the approach from some Japanese infrastructure companies. A telecom company, a power company and some governmental organizations have adopted the “Foresight” approach. In addition, other many private companies plan to adopt the approach.
    The high uncertainty of the social and economic environment requires companies in the social infrastructure industry to develop the new businesses and business models with the assistance of “Foresight” approach in order to know the changes of consumers’ and customers’behaviors.
  • 情報管理
    2016年 59 巻 3 号 204-205
    発行日: 2016/05/01
    公開日: 2016/06/01
    ジャーナル フリー HTML
  • 岡松 道雄, 毛利 洋子, 木方 十根
    日本建築学会計画系論文集
    2017年 82 巻 733 号 745-755
    発行日: 2017年
    公開日: 2017/03/30
    ジャーナル フリー
     This study focuses on the relaxation of road use regulations following the implementation of the Law on Improvement and Revitalization of City Centers (Chushin-Shigaichi Kasseika Hou) in 1998. Since the law was implemented 18 years ago, events such as open cafes and morning markets have been held on public roadways in regional centers across Japan, allowing for the temporary installation of benches, parasols, and other such furnishings, attracting people, and increasing activity in the areas. This study is divided into three phases: a review of the processes which contributed to a relaxation of the regulations; an analysis of the sociopolitical motivations behind relaxing road use regulations; and an examination of the impact of regulation relaxation on events held on public roadways.

     Since 1998 there has been a shift in focus from using this law to revitalize regional centers to using it to increase activity in metropolitan centers. When the law was initially implemented, there is little evidence that the government had any concrete ideas of how public roadways specifically, could be used; only that there was a need to relax regulations for regional revitalization. With the establishment of the Act on Special Districts for Structural Reform (SDSR, Kouzou-Kaikaku Tokku Hou) in 2002, the government began to collect data on the needs and requests of regional centers. From this information it became clear that the regulations relating to the use of public roadways needed reform. The cabinet ordered the Ministry of Land, Infrastructure, and Transport (MLIT) to ease the regulations of the Road Law (Douro Hou) without changing the law itself. In 2005 MLIT issued a set of guidelines which would allow public roadways to be used for purposes other than transit.

     Also in 2005, the cabinet created an Act for Area Rebirth (Chiiki Saisei Hou) to support regional governments’plans for revitalization. The practice of collecting data, begun with the development of SDSR, had been built upon and improved, while the idea of relaxing road regulation was reinforced with the Act on Special Measures Concerning Urban Renaissance (SMCUR, Toshi Saisei Tokubetsu Sochi Hou), an act intended to help cities recover from the bursting of the economic bubble in the 1990’s. The focus of this act was to help Japanese metropolitan areas remain competitive with other Asian metropolises, such as Shanghai or Singapore. To this end, MLIT recently amended both their guidelines and the Road Law, as of March 2016.

     Our research found that the needs of the organizers had a significant impact on the relaxation of road use laws. Before issuing the 2005 guidelines, MLIT engaged in a rigorous research process, gathering data on 570 existing events before conducting 41 social experiments relating to events held on public roadways, of which 15 were permanently implemented. In more recent years, as the cabinet has focused more on economic recovery and global competitiveness, the use of public roadways in metropolitan areas has become more common. In this way the motivation and procedures to relax road use regulations have improved significantly.

     This increased ease in the processes involved in using public roadways for events, as well as the increase in political motivation to do so, is now effective in the Metropolitan areas. After 18 years, it is the time to rethink how it creates an opportunity for regional centers struggling with the combined issues of depopulation, decreasing birthrate, aging population, and change in industrial structure, to create favorable conditions for their community. By implementing the new civic tools available to them, it may be possible to arrange and customize the use of their public roadways to attract more activity and ultimately, more people.
  • 泉山 塁威, 中野 卓, 根本 春奈
    日本建築学会計画系論文集
    2016年 81 巻 730 号 2763-2773
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2016/12/30
    ジャーナル フリー
     In this some decades, the way of using public space is changing from automobile oriented perspective to human oriented perspective and the use of public space with its perspective became popular. In japan, municipality's permitting authority for utilization of public space became dramatically widespread by deregulations of the low about public space. Now we need to make an evaluation method of people's activity in public space as livable space.
     In this study, we aim to establish “the activity evaluation method of public space by the human oriented perspective” by referring to evaluation method for existing pilot projects research and analyzing and organizing the result of activity evaluation research of “IKEBUKURO East Green Boulevard Sidewalk cafe pilot project in 2015 Spring”.

     The following five points became clear from this study.
     First, we identified some problems for pilot projects in Japan; for example, single year's budget framework and short-term restricted program.
     Second, The conventional evaluation method was by questionnaire and traffic survey only. First: In the pedestrian traffic volume increase or decrease, accurate users' condition in open café can't be grasped. Second: Whether this pilot project contributed to improvement of space cannot be evaluated from the activity aspect since the conventional questionnaire survey can't do an objective observation, survey, although it can show user's satisfaction and what they ate based on user's subjection. Third: Correlation of each user's attributes and actual use condition is not clear.
     Third, The western's evaluation method for public space improvement program by Jan Gehl's do not only activity evaluation, but also a suggestion for improvement of public space by mapping activity in public space and connecting that activity data with urban space structure, including pedestrian traffic volume survey, activity survey, questionnaire survey that are three survey called "public life survey" overall.
     Forth, There is nearly twice the difference in sample, number between questionnaire and activity survey. Questionnaire survey is not applicable to grasp user number but applicable for qualitative data, such as satisfaction and thought of users.
     On the other hand, an activity survey of our study can gather all user data and also have user activity data that can only get from this objective observation, survey, and can analysis multiply through various data that is get by one time. Fifth, conventional evaluation method can show user number from the traffic volume survey, but from our research, deferent findings came out. The tendency of increase or decrease of pedestrian traffic and number of open cafes user are not necessarily match and increase of pedestrian traffic is not necessarily to correspond to volume of use of public space from the result traffic volume survey and activity survey.
  • 金岡 克文
    高岡法科大学紀要
    2017年 28 巻 1-29
    発行日: 2017年
    公開日: 2018/06/07
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 津野 佑規, 長谷川 英夫
    農作業研究
    2017年 52 巻 1 号 37-42
    発行日: 2017年
    公開日: 2017/09/20
    ジャーナル フリー
    トラクタ,コンバイン,田植機などの農業機械は,水稲作10a当たりの作業時間を1964年の147時間から2010年の26時間にまで短縮することに貢献した.しかし,農業生産の能率化に貢献を果たした農業機械化において,農作業事故という弊害が指摘されている.本稿では2014年度に新潟県内で発生したトラクタ転覆・墜落事故の事例を報告する.水稲作において国内有数の生産地である新潟県のトラクタ転覆・墜落事故の実態を調査・分析することで,今後の農作業事故防止に貢献することが目的である.事故事例は新潟県農業共済組合連合会(NOSAI新潟)の協力により,2014年度農機具共済支払実績報告書から抽出した.対象事故は4月から5月に件数がピークに達し,この2か月で全体の53%を占めた.10月は収穫後の整地や秋打ちの作業により事故の割合も増大した.さらに,12月には除雪作業に関連する事故が4件発生した.新潟県において4月と5月に事故が集中した一因として,他の都道府県に比べトラクタの使用が水稲作に集中していることが挙げられる.4月と5月に発生した事故状況を抽出すると,道路を移動中の事故,圃場の進入・退出での事故,代掻き作業中の事故など水稲作に関連した事故が多発した.冬はトラクタを使用する頻度が低下することから,農閑期後のヒューマンエラーに起因する操作ミスや農業機械管理および整備の不備が事故の原因になり得る.
  • 木村 康彦
    日本教育政策学会年報
    2016年 23 巻 198-205
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2018/08/18
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 町支 大祐
    日本教育政策学会年報
    2015年 22 巻 181-188
    発行日: 2015/07/15
    公開日: 2017/06/20
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 北島 明文
    日本ロボット学会誌
    2017年 35 巻 10 号 731-734
    発行日: 2017年
    公開日: 2018/01/17
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 山場 淳史, 渡辺 豊, 二谷 卓, 佐野 俊和
    森林利用学会誌
    2018年 33 巻 3 号 33.169
    発行日: 2018/07/31
    公開日: 2018/09/05
    ジャーナル 認証あり

    最近になってUAV向けにデザインされたレーザースキャナをドローンに搭載したレーザー計測サービスが始まりつつある。本研究はLSを搭載したドローンによる森林計測により,地形と樹高の抽出可能性を地上型レーザー計測(TLS)結果との比較において検証・考察することを目的とする。広島県廿日市市吉和地内の民有スギ林約6haをルーチェサーチ株式会社「SPIDER-eX」で計測した。その結果,地形についてはドローンと地上型とのDTM値の差分は概ね±1mの範囲内であったが,深い谷部でのスパイクがTLSのほうが多かった。また樹高については,梢端部抽出で用いる際のDSMが解像度50cmの場合で最もTLSと近い抽出結果となった。今後はTLSとドローン計測の連携による運用を検証する必要がある。

  • 佐々木 宏幸
    日本建築学会計画系論文集
    2018年 83 巻 747 号 885-895
    発行日: 2018年
    公開日: 2018/05/30
    ジャーナル 認証あり
     This study focuses on “flexible zone” and Parklet as means to provide outdoor spaces for eating and drinking while utilizing parking lanes. The purpose of this study is to clarify advantages and disadvantages as well as common and different features of “flexible zone” and Parklet, and to explore ways for realizing similar spaces in Japan. A “flexible zone” is a parking lane that is allowed to convert to outdoor dining areas by adjacent business owners with government permission, and three examples, Castro Street in Mountain View, Theatre Way in Redwood City, and First Street in Livermore, exist in California in the United States. On the other hand, Parklet is the program launched in San Francisco that facilitates the installation of public pedestrian spaces on parking lanes.
     The research on “flexible zone” is based on the previous study by the author and additional field surveys. In addition, with regard to universal design that is conceived as an important aspect for the comparison with Parklet, reviews of documents regarding the operation of “flexible zones” and hearings with an urban designer in charge of the design of all three “flexible zones” have been conducted. On the other hand, with regard to Parklet, reviews of documents and previous researches regarding Parklet as well as a hearing with a city official have been conducted. In addition, field surveys of all “flexible zones” and 26 Parklets have been conducted in order to observe actual conditions and operations.
     Through the comparison between “flexible zone” and Parklet, the author clarifies common features and differences between them, and then explores 1) their uniqueness as methods of producing outdoor spaces for eating and drinking, 2) their advantages and disadvantages, and 3) ways for realizing outdoor spaces for eating and drinking on parking lanes in Japan.
     With regard to the uniqueness, both “flexible zone” and Parklet are realized through the cooperation between public and private sectors while paying lots of consideration for design, safety and comfortability. In addition, in both methods, the balance between pedestrian spaces converted from parking lanes and on-street parking spaces is considered and maintained through their permission processes as well as their spatial flexibility. On the other hand, the level of publicness is a primary difference between them, i.e. “flexible zone” is not necessarily open to the public while Parklet is required to be open to the public.
     With regard to “flexible zone”, effectiveness for the improvement of pedestrian and urban environment, possible safety measures by street design, limited cost burden on business owners, high spatial variability, and appropriate maintenance and operation by business owners are conceived as advantages, whereas substantial cost burden on the public sector and limited use by the public are conceived as a disadvantage. On the other hand, with regard to Parklet, limited cost burden on the public sector, aptitude for phasing implementation, effectiveness for the creation of interactive spaces, and feasibility at various locations and for a short period of time are conceived as advantages, whereas lack of unity of streetscape, limited spatial flexibility, heavy cost burden on business owners, and improper operation are conceived as disadvantages.
     With regard to ways for realizing in Japan, it is important to consider 1) realization methods in accordance with purposes and existing conditions of a target area, 2) responsibilities, systems and measures for securing pedestrian safety, 3) consistency with related ordinances and their necessary revisions, and 4) introduction of a phasing implementation process through pilot projects, are important in Japan.
  • 尾﨑 信
    IATSS Review(国際交通安全学会誌)
    2018年 43 巻 1 号 42-50
    発行日: 2018/06/30
    公開日: 2018/08/08
    ジャーナル フリー

    本稿は、遅い交通への転向が進む近年の都市部街路に関する実践・研究成果から、その空間デザインと利活用デザインの動向を概観し、地域のコミュニティ形成に関する今後に向けた論点を抽出するものである。利活用デザインについては、コミュニティ形成を主眼としたエリアマネジメントに関する知見の整理や、直接コミュニティデザインに踏み込む試みに関する知見の拡充など、さまざまなチャンネルからコミュニティデザインへの接続が求められる一方、空間デザインについては、「遅い交通」のための空間デザイン論を構築していく必要があるとした。

  • 泉山 塁威, 中島 伸, 小泉 秀樹
    都市計画論文集
    2018年 53 巻 3 号 1223-1230
    発行日: 2018/10/25
    公開日: 2018/10/25
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    本研究では、「神田警察通り賑わい社会実験2017」を対象とし、社会実験の参加型プロセスを整理し、またアクティビティ調査による公共空間活用の可能性の検証を行うことで、「参加型社会実験手法」について考察し、課題と留意点を明らかにするを目的とする。2章では、「神田警察通り賑わい社会実験2017」のプロセスから、「参加型社会実験」プロセスを整理し、成果と課題を明らかにする。3章では、「神田警察通り賑わい社会実験2017」のアクティビティ調査結果から公共空間活用の可能性の検証を行い、成果と課題を明らかにする。4章では、2章、3章で得られた参加型社会実験プロセスと公共空間利活用の成果と課題から、「参加型社会実験手法」の考察を行い、課題と留意点を明らかにする。
  • 椎野 亜紀夫
    ランドスケープ研究
    2017年 80 巻 5 号 489-492
    発行日: 2017/03/31
    公開日: 2017/09/13
    ジャーナル フリー

    The purpose of this paper is to investigate the methodology of reevaluating small-scale urban parks, which are often considered as having little value for children’s playground in urban area, from the viewpoint of nursery school’s usage, and to discuss the issue of appropriate state of small-scale urban parks. In this study, questionnaire survey and interview survey to nursery schools were applied, for the purpose of illustrating current states of small-scale urban park usage of nursery schools. Moreover, spatial analysis using GIS was applied, aiming at clarifying the details of nursery school’s small-scale urban park usage. As a result, 80 urban parks which had less than 1,000 square meters were seen in survey area, and 12 cases were usually used by infants in nursery schools. Besides, interview survey revealed that the small-scale urban park had value for infants, in that they could play in small-scale urban parks safely, because children of elementary schools have little interests such small-scale urban parks and seldom use those facilities for their playgrounds.

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