全文: "埋葬"
4,053件中 1-20の結果を表示しています
  • 民族學研究
    1956年 20 巻 1-2 号 App11-
    発行日: 1956/08/10
    公開日: 2018/03/27
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 子供の事例を中心に
    和田 浩一郎
    2018年 60 巻 2 号 141-156
    発行日: 2018/03/31
    公開日: 2021/04/01
    ジャーナル フリー

    Settlement burials existed in dynastic Egypt, like in other agricultural societies throughout the world. Since the ancient Egyptians thought that the dead should be separated from the living, it is important to consider the meaning of this. This paper carries out a comprehensive study of settlement burials in dynastic Egypt.

     Although both children and adults were buried within settlements, the interments of the latter always pre- or post-date the period of occupancy of the settlement. It is therefore possible to say that the separation of the dead and the living was carried out for adult burials. For analysis in this study, settlement burials are divided into three types based on the age of the deceased and the simultaneity of burial and settlement: (Type 1) child burials contemporary with a settlement, (Type 2) pre- or post-dated settlement burials only children were interred, and (Type 3) pre- or post-dated settlement burials where children and adults were mixed.

     The age distributions for Type 1 and 2 are somewhat different: the former type is exclusively of children under six months old, while the latter also includes children of up to two years. This tendency suggests that “true” settlement burial in dynastic Egypt may have been a burial custom only for fetuses and very young infants, and that nursing children were at least buried in settlements, even if in houses already abandoned. Except for the age distribution, the difference between Type 1 and 2 is obscure. Since some Type 2 burials were found in the same space as Type 1, these might share the perceptions of the place as a burial site. Other Type 2 burials seem to follow the idea of separation of the dead from the living. The variety of child settlement burials suggests that the ancient Egyptians treated the young dead as having a different kind of existence from the adult dead.

  • 森 芳周
    医学哲学 医学倫理
    2015年 33 巻 1-9
    発行日: 2015/09/30
    公開日: 2018/02/01
    ジャーナル フリー
    Fetal tissues and organs are useful for regenerative medicine or other medical research. In Japan, the Ministry of Health, Labor and Welfare formed a committee in 2002 to examine regulations on clinical research using human stem cells. The committee had planned to settle on regulations including for stem cells collected from dead fetuses(for example, fetal neural stem cells) though they were exempt from the regulations in the end. Thus, though fetal tissues and organs are usually used in medical research, it is not clear how dead fetuses are disposed or buried and what is the ethically proper procedure to handle them. In this article, I survey procedures for the handling of dead fetuses and their legal status in Germany to clarify the problems involved in this task. Legal regulations concerning the treatment of dead fetuses have been reformed since the late 1990s in Germany. According to the German Civil Status Act, parents of a stillborn child, that is, a dead fetus weighing more than 500g, may register the child's name in birth records. Though a miscarried child, that is, a dead fetus weighing less than 500g, cannot be registered in any records, a certification is issued in which the child's name is entered in accordance with the parents' request. As for burial, it is governed by the law of each state. Most states require parents to bury a fetus when it exceeds a certain weight, and permit burial of a fetus upon parents' request if the weight is below threshold. These regulations were induced as a result of petitions from parents who had experienced a miscarriage or a stillbirth. Thus, when considering the procedures to treat dead fetuses, both the dignity of the unborn child and the feelings of the bereaved parents must be taken into account.
  • 山田 康弘
    1997年 4 巻 4 号 1-39
    発行日: 1997/10/10
    公開日: 2009/02/16
    ジャーナル フリー
  • マリ共和国南部セヌフォ社会の埋葬儀礼を事例を手がかりに
    溝口 大助
    2013年 2013 巻 I04
    発行日: 2013年
    公開日: 2013/05/27
    会議録・要旨集 フリー
  • 家族•市民社会•国家
    森 謙二
    2005年 2005 巻 62 号 87-98,193
    発行日: 2005/03/30
    公開日: 2011/04/13
    ジャーナル フリー
    The concept of "cemetery" in Japanese law, the ground which build graves, has been affected by the idea of ancestor worship, because the Code Civil of Japan positioned the graves as a device for ancestor religious services, which are entrusted with his descendant, and the graves which ancestor buried are reburied as the unrelated grave, if the descendant disappear.
    In Europe, the burial laws have regulations about "burial compulsion" and "burial duty", but in Japan the decisions whether the dead should be buried, are referred with his family or his descendant.
    The current system of Japanese burial and cemetery is not be effective, because it is not possible to produce an Atotsugi (successor), the continuation of religious worship is threatened due to the changing family structure and a declining birth rate.
  • 木村 英夫
    1934年 1 巻 2 号 102-110
    発行日: 1934/07/05
    公開日: 2011/04/13
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 近世における村落の変容とのかかわりから
    大平 晃久
    1996年 48 巻 6 号 569-583
    発行日: 1996/12/28
    公開日: 2009/04/28
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 武田 明純
    2007年 72 巻 611 号 219-224
    発行日: 2007/01/30
    公開日: 2017/02/25
    ジャーナル フリー
    This paper describes the regional and historical trait of Built tombs with the aim of systematizing the Hellenistic tombs. In this paper the author categorizes the Hellenistic tombs into Built tomb, Rock-cut tomb, Tumulus, Mixed Construction and make a comparison among Built tombs. As a result from the viewpoint of use of the burial position and use of the podium the regional and historical trait of Built tombs was clarified. And it was clarified that the podium is often used together with the column in Built tomb of the Hellenistic age, too.
  • 細菌學雜誌
    1897年 1897 巻 19 号 426b
    発行日: 1897年
    公開日: 2009/07/09
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 細菌學雜誌
    1897年 1897 巻 19 号 426a
    発行日: 1897年
    公開日: 2009/07/09
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 森本 岩太郎, 小片 丘彦, 小片 保, 江坂 輝弥
    1970年 78 巻 3 号 235-244
    発行日: 1970年
    公開日: 2008/02/26
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 石田 慎一郎
    2002年 67 巻 2 号 137-157
    発行日: 2002/09/30
    公開日: 2018/03/27
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 東部の前期・中期古墳を例として
    重藤 輝行, 西 健一郎
    1995年 2 巻 2 号 95-117
    発行日: 1995/11/01
    公開日: 2009/02/16
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 伊藤 淳志
    2011年 20 巻
    発行日: 2011/08/09
    公開日: 2017/03/22
    会議録・要旨集 フリー
    The mural paintings of the burial chamber of Idout in Saqqara, Egypt are very beautiful and valuable historically. But many parts of the paintings were damaged and exfoliated from the walls with gypsum plaster by the weathering of mother rock. The restoration of the mural paintings goes under "the Egyptian-Japanese Mission for the Mastaba Idout", and restored paintings were temporarily fixed on the walls without south wall in 2009. For the conservation of the mural paintings and the burial chamber, the reinforcement of mother rock is being carried out on the basis of the ground investigation results.
  • 荒木 勉
    1995年 98 巻 922 号 773-
    発行日: 1995/09/05
    公開日: 2017/06/21
    解説誌・一般情報誌 フリー
  • 中村 潔
    1985年 50 巻 2 号 198-214
    発行日: 1985/09/30
    公開日: 2018/03/27
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 澤田 陸, 若木 重行, 南 雅代
    2020年 67 巻
    発行日: 2020年
    公開日: 2021/01/29
    会議録・要旨集 フリー

    骨の無機成分 (バイオアパタイト) は埋没中に土壌からの汚染を受けやすく、分析に使えないと考えられてきたが、高温 (>600℃)で加熱された骨はアパタイトの結晶度が高まることにより、汚染を受けにくくなり、元の情報を保持し得ることがわかってきた。滋賀県多賀町の敏満寺遺跡石仏谷墓跡(A~Gの各調査区に複数の墓が存在)からは高温で焼かれた火葬骨が多数出土し、古文書などから12~15世紀の敏満寺の僧侶や周辺住民が埋葬されていると考えられている。本研究では、A区・F区・G区から出土した火葬骨と、石仏谷墓跡周辺の地域を流れる河川から採取した河川堆積物及び河川水、石仏谷墓跡から採取した土壌のSr同位体分析から、生前の食性と居住地について考察した。さらに火葬骨の微量元素濃度結果に対する考察も行う予定である。

  • 武田 史朗, 増田 昇
    2006年 69 巻 5 号 419-424
    発行日: 2006年
    公開日: 2007/11/13
    ジャーナル フリー
    In the U.K., more than 140 Natural Burial Grounds are in operation, showing that the style is gradually being accepted by the public as an alternative. Yet, the desirable design principles for the burial grounds of this style has not been established or even studied. In this paper, a model of landscape framework - horizons, pathways, and things - is introduced as the basis of the analytical study on the design of the spiritual landscapes. The framework is created based on the idea of place memory that was originally proposed by E. S. Casey to describe the structure of the landscape that sustains people's memory in general. Two cases are analyzed using this model, and the results of the analyses are compared with each other. In both cases, the roles within the landscape framework that are played by various landscape elements such as the different types of memorials, the trees, the paths, and the furniture are identified. And through the comparison of the cases, two different types of landscape framework - that of personal and collective - are identified, and it is found that each type of the framework is given significance in the two landscapes to different degrees, reflecting the burial grounds management policies and the long term visions as to the their landscapes.
  • 東南亞細亞甕棺埋葬に關する考案
    鹿野 忠雄
    1941年 56 巻 3 号 117-135
    発行日: 1941/03/25
    公開日: 2008/02/26
    ジャーナル フリー