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全文: "外国人登録制度"
12件中 1-12の結果を表示しています
  • 杉山 嘉尚
    法政論叢
    1986年 22 巻 88-98
    発行日: 1986/05/20
    公開日: 2017/11/01
    ジャーナル フリー
    Under the Alien Registration Law"alien"residents living in Japan over a year shall be required to be fingerprinted. In recent years a considerable number of"alien"residents have refused to be fingerprinted, and some of its cases have come before the courts. They have argued that registration by fingerprint is criminal-like treatment, which they find unpleasant and insulting, and if Japanese citizens were not required to be fingerprinted, it would be discrimination against aliens to impose it only on them. In this essay I have attempted to do four things as follows. In the first place, I have descrived the historical aspects of the administration concerning alien registration and the process of introducing fingerprinting procedure, identifying the principle and aim of the legislation. Secondly, I have ascertained doubtful points of its necessity and effectiveness in considering the present operation of fingerprinting procedure. Thirdly, I have analyzed the two cases in 1984 in which refusers were convicted of violating the Alien Registration Law. Fourthly, some problems of the cases mentioned above have been discussed. I have reached the conclusion that fingerprints are a kind of privacy, hence the fingerprinting requirement against their will violates individual dignity;that the legal system to give formal and same treatment to all aliens in Japan should be criticized, and by classifying them in substance, "alien"residents living in Japan should be particularly given the same legal status as Japanese citizens;and that the fingerprinting requirement is a breach of the rule of equality between aliens and Japanese citizens. Accordingly I have taken the view that the fingerprinting provided under the Alien Registration Law violates Article 13 and 14 of the Constitution of Japan.
  • 占領期日本の外国人管理政策と「朝鮮人」カテゴリーの再編
    朴 沙羅
    ソシオロジ
    2013年 58 巻 2 号 39-55,140
    発行日: 2013/10/31
    公開日: 2015/05/13
    ジャーナル フリー
     The purpose of this article is to discuss the construction of the ethnic and legal category “Korean” in early postwar Japan. Taking the Imperial Ordinance of Alien Registration, issued in May 1947, the author focuses on how this first ordinance that regulated immigration control and alien registration in Japan was understood and enacted by the Japanese authorities, local governments, and so-called “Korean illegal entrants”, who were the targets of this imperial ordinance. Based on documental sources from General Headquarters Supreme Commander for the Allied Powers, the Imperial Japanese Government, and local governments, the author points out the following two things. Firstly, the legal status of “Korean” in Japan was decided through negotiation and compromise between the US Government, the Occupation Forces and the Japanese Government. All three presupposed that Koreans, as “liberated peoples” in Japan, would and should be repatriated from Japan to Korea as soon as possible. Secondly, the instructions to the Japanese local governments indicate that the most important point in registering aliens was not to uncover “illegal entrants” but to find and reduce “ghost populations” stemming from double- or triple-registration for food rations. From the interviews with the former “illegal” migrants from Korea, the following can be pointed out: they made the best use of their knowledge and “common sense” to enable them to obtain their legal identity, the alien registration card, which defined them as “Korean”, thus also as “foreigners”. In fact, most of the “illegal” immigrants had lived in Mainland Japan for years before the liberation of Korea, and their migration history and knowledge of Japanese society enabled them to negotiate with Japanese authorities. With the collapse of the Japanese Empire, ethnic category such as “Japanese”, “Taiwanese” and “Korean” became an important factor that decided legal identities. Based on ordinary everyday ways of understanding, this decision was made through negotiations between each “Japanese” bureaucrat and “Korean” migrant, and influenced the migrant’s whole life and the legal status of “Korean” in Japan.
  • 森 省三, 石堂 功卓
    法政論叢
    1999年 36 巻 1 号 1-5
    発行日: 1999/11/15
    公開日: 2017/11/01
    ジャーナル フリー
    (1) Trends in Compliance and Corporate Govemance Rep. Mr. Akira Tabata(Lawyer) The high incidence of scandals and corporate collapse in Japan has led to the implementation of a strategy of corporate compliance. Organizational and procedural issues for corporate lawyers, the handling of foreign capital, increasing awareness pertaining to stocks and the rationalization of business are examined under the ordinance of "Corporate Govemance" by a variety of executive bodies. Beginning with companies such as Sony, real inroads are being made. Actual problems confronted by in-house company lawyers are examined along with current developments in the OECD concerning Corporate Governance. (2) Deregulation and a new Government Image Rep. Prof. Hideki Noboru(Meijo Univ.) Beginning with Thatcher and Reagan and having an impact even on the Nakasone Cabinet, deregulation and privatization are today the global standard. The balance of the public and private sectors are examined along with points pertaining to an historical overview of the meaning of rationalizing government and the success of welfare. (3) Globalizafion and Policy Formation of Government and Administration Rep. Prof. Hideaki Kuwahara(Tokiwa Univ.)Globalization has meant that for cases such as the non-payment of fees by foreigners in emergency medical treatment, the historical administrative model of dealing with problems, is insufficient in the current circumstances. A "top-down" pyramid shaped system of administration, a lack of accountability and an administrative response that fails to recognize individuality and uniqueness are proving to be inadequate for the plethora of today's requests. Discussion centered around the creation of a more applicable administrative system which can deal with ruew problems with speed and efficiency. (4) Bankruptcy in Local Government and its Aftermath-the case of Irvine City, California Rep. Mr. Toraaki Nakamura(Keio Univ.) In 1994, failures in futures trading led to the loss of $1.5 billion by the Finance Department of Orange County, California. This sum bankrupted the local government and remains one of the largest losses of its kind on record. Attracting world attention and also reported by the Japanese media at the time, the case, to this day, fails to be adequately explained and resolved. The Irvine case proves ideal in expounding the shortcomings of the financial systems of local American government. (5) Globalization of the Organized Crime Rep. Prof. Yoshihiro Yamauchi(Keiai Univ.) In recent years, in concurrence with the rapid development of modern technologies, a new type of insidious and yet bodacious crime has also become prevalent. Crime ranging from credit card fraud and computer related crime to the buying and selling of drugs and firearms, has been taldng on an increasingly international stature.A number of points were discussed from a criminal law perspective and shown was Japan's recognization that combative measures are needed at an international level and that international cooperation is necessary. At any rate, there are many problems to investigatein the Bill of Countermeasure against Organized Crime. Following the various speeches detailed above, question time was actively pursued for a further one hour and a half. Despite a need for more time, and the zeal with which questions were asked, the chairman was able to sum up and provide an informative summary of day's proceedings.
  • ─日本の文脈から
    伊藤 るり
    学術の動向
    2009年 14 巻 1 号 1_47-1_51
    発行日: 2009/01/01
    公開日: 2012/02/22
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 津村 公博, 澤田 敬人
    日本学習社会学会年報
    2011年 7 巻 16-20
    発行日: 2011年
    公開日: 2019/09/09
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
  • ライフサポート
    2003年 15 巻 Supplement 号 15-18
    発行日: 2003/05/16
    公開日: 2010/07/21
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 高久 道子, 市川 誠一, 金子 典代
    日本公衆衛生雑誌
    2015年 62 巻 11 号 684-693
    発行日: 2015年
    公開日: 2015/12/09
    ジャーナル フリー
    目的 愛知県に在住するスペイン語圏の南米地域出身者におけるスペイン語対応の医療機関についての情報行動の実態を把握し,その情報行動に関連する要因を明らかにする。
    方法 調査対象は,日本に 3 か月以上在住し愛知県に居住する,来日してから病気やケガで受診経験のある18歳以上のスペイン語圏の南米地域出身者とした。スペイン語による無記名自記式質問紙調査を2010年 4 月から 7 月に実施した。分析対象者245人(有効回答率58.9%)の情報行動を分析するにあたり,Wilsonの情報行動モデルを参考にした。東海地方にあるスペイン語対応の医療機関を探した群(以下,探索群)と探さなかった群(非探索群)を目的変数とし,回答者本人の「スペイン語対応の医療機関が必要になった経験」,「スペイン語対応の医療機関の認知」,「認知後にスペイン語対応の医療機関を受診した経験」,「情報入手先」,そして情報行動に関連すると思われる因子として基本属性,生活状況,日本語能力等との関連をみた。
    結果 分析対象者245人の性別内訳は,男性が106人(43.3%),女性が139人(56.7%)であった。平均年齢は39.6歳(標準偏差±11.2歳)で,国籍はペルーが84.5%を占めた。日本での在住年数は平均11.0年(±5.7年)で,愛知県での居住年数は5~9年(34.3%)が最も多かった。探索群は165人(67.3%),非探索群は80人(32.7%)であった。スペイン語対応の医療機関の探索は,病気やケガでの受診時に医療通訳など母国語対応を必要とした経験,東海地方における母国語対応の医療機関の認知,認知後に受診した経験,日本での在住年数,日本語能力,普段使用する言語と有意な関連があった。
    結論 スペイン語圏の南米地域出身者におけるスペイン語対応の医療機関に関する情報行動は,これまでに日本の医療機関でスペイン語通訳などの支援が必要になった経験が情報探索の動機となっていた。日本語によるコミュニケーションの困難,母国語の普段使用,短い在住年数がスペイン語対応の医療機関の情報探索に関連がみられた。スペイン語メディアを使い,家族や友人,職場の同僚といった身近な人と情報共有がなされていたと推察された一方で,自治体や公的機関発信の情報は届いているとは言えない状況にあり,医療に関する情報提供の在り方が課題として浮き彫りとなった。
  • ペェ チュンド
    社會政策学會年報
    1994年 38 巻 87-99
    発行日: 1994年
    公開日: 2018/02/01
    ジャーナル フリー
  • ─「共に生きる」とは?─
    鈴木 江理子
    学術の動向
    2013年 18 巻 11 号 11_10-11_18
    発行日: 2013/11/01
    公開日: 2014/03/07
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 中條 晋一郎
    犯罪社会学研究
    2003年 28 巻 110-129
    発行日: 2003/10/18
    公開日: 2017/03/30
    ジャーナル フリー
    本稿は,明治期より太平洋戦争終結までの日本の外国人犯罪を分析するものである.戦前の外国人犯罪に関する公式統計は,『検察統計年報』の前身である『刑事統計年報』にのみ現存するため,このデータを分析に用いた.しかしこのデータは,外国人に係る刑事裁判の受理件数,及び人員数を集計したものであったため,警察統計や検察統計に比べ,当時の外国人犯罪の実体に迫るには限界が生じることとなった.そのような条件の下で,全ての第一審終局処理人員における罪種の傾向と,外国人の第一審終局処理人員における罪種の傾向とを比較して,外国人犯罪の特徴を探った.加えて,当時の犯罪傾向や外国人労働者問題等に関する先行研究を参考として,データを分析し,解釈を試みた.その結果,「外国人被告」における主要罪種は,時代によって変遷していることが分かった.また,戦前を通した外国人犯罪の特徴としては,(1)中国人による犯罪が中心であったこと,(2)窃盗や賭博など,比較的軽微な犯罪が中心であったことなどが示された.なお,戦前の日本には,朝鮮半島出身者も多数在留していたが,「外国人」ではなかったため,犯罪の状況を分析することはできなかった.
  • 嶺井 明子
    教育制度学研究
    2009年 2009 巻 16 号 16-25
    発行日: 2009年
    公開日: 2020/04/24
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 青柳 みどり, 鄭 躍軍
    村落社会研究ジャーナル
    2009年 16 巻 1 号 32-39
    発行日: 2009年
    公開日: 2012/12/24
    ジャーナル フリー
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