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  • 関 峋一
    青年心理学研究
    1992年 4 巻 22-26
    発行日: 1992/11/01
    公開日: 2017/05/15
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
  • 木村
    心理科学
    1998年 20 巻 1 号 58-
    発行日: 1998/02/25
    公開日: 2017/09/10
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 小暮 修三
    映画研究
    2016年 11 巻 40-56
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2017/02/24
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
  • 高橋 一郎
    教育社会学研究
    1993年 53 巻 31-46
    発行日: 1993/10/15
    公開日: 2011/03/18
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 大内 裕和
    社会学評論
    2003年 54 巻 1 号 128-130
    発行日: 2003/06/30
    公開日: 2009/10/19
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 上田 博之
    日本建築学会計画系論文集
    1998年 63 巻 504 号 135-140
    発行日: 1998/02/28
    公開日: 2017/02/02
    ジャーナル フリー
    The purpose of this paper is to clarify the space organization of dwellings of Black THAI in Vietnam. This paper is based on field research carried out in 1993 and 1994. This study clarified as follows: 1) The space organization of dwellings is greatly influenced by the cross-generation of residents. 2) The space of dwellings is broken down into parts of Men and Women by the gender. 3) This dwelling has an order of Men-Women and way of sleeping.
  • 田中 優子
    比較文学
    1999年 41 巻 135-138
    発行日: 1999/03/31
    公開日: 2017/07/31
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 竹原 健二, 嶋根 卓也, 野村 真利香, 三砂 ちづる
    民族衛生
    2007年 73 巻 2 号 60-69
    発行日: 2007/03/31
    公開日: 2010/06/28
    ジャーナル フリー
    Background Considerable wisdom concerning sex and reproduction had been inherited as empirical rules after many generations or as "inherited wisdom" before the healthcare system was established. The purpose of this study was to examine, from the viewpoint of intergenerational inheritance of wisdom, the correlation between the mother-daughter relationship and inheritance of wisdom (concerning sex and reproduction) by focusing on mother-daughter relationships. Methods : A self-administered questionnaire was given to 359 female students of two private women's universities in Tokyo in January 2006 ; valid responses were obtained from 354 subjects. We used the "mother-daughter relationship scale" to quantitatively evaluate the mother-daughter relationship. Subjects were questioned about inherited wisdom, namely, if they had heard of experiences and positive stories about sex and reproduction from their mothers, in 12 items in the binary forced-choice method. Univariable and bivariable analyses were conducted to understand the status of inherited wisdom and to clarify the relationship between the items and the score on mother-daughter relationship scale, respectively. Results and discussion : Many subjects had heard from their mothers how to deal with menstruation and the mother's experience of pregnancy, delivery, and raising the subject, but had never been told any positive stories about menstruation, pregnancy and delivery. A significant correlation was observed between the score on the mother-daughter relationship scale and the 12 items concerning inherited wisdom. No correlation was observed between inherited wisdom and whether the mother and daughter lived together, namely, the physical distance, suggesting that a good mother-daughter relationship with inherited wisdom involves a strong mental closeness that is characterized by intimacy and acceptance.
  • 渡邊 英理
    日本文学
    2006年 55 巻 2 号 28-39
    発行日: 2006/02/10
    公開日: 2017/08/01
    ジャーナル フリー
    中上健次の短編連作集『熊野集』の中の一篇、小説「葺き籠り」は、被差別部落、路地の解体を戦後日本社会の多くの後進地域で体験された普遍的な経験として主題化し、その主因の一つである交通と交換の問題を全面的に展開している。事後的に見れば、被差別部落、路地の解体とは、遍在化する権力の構成的布置の下での差別・被差別の境界線の引き直しとその構造の再編成と捉えられるが、本稿では、二者・二所を選ぶ媒介者と交換行為に着目して「葺き籠り」を分析し、遍在化する権力に包摂されながらもなしえる抵抗の可能性を考察したい。
  • 池田 廣司
    日本文学
    1976年 25 巻 11 号 27-30
    発行日: 1976/11/10
    公開日: 2017/08/01
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 染谷 智幸
    日本文学
    2002年 51 巻 5 号 62-67
    発行日: 2002/05/10
    公開日: 2017/08/01
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 竹村 はるみ
    英文学研究
    2005年 81 巻 109-122
    発行日: 2005/01/20
    公開日: 2017/04/10
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 渋谷 知美
    教育社会学研究
    1999年 65 巻 25-47
    発行日: 1999/10/15
    公開日: 2011/03/18
    ジャーナル フリー
    This paper shows the images of youth sexualities in mid-last-Meiji period and examines the way in which sexualities of youth was discussed as problematic by society and the reactions of youth to the problematization. To do this, I examined articles aboutGakusei-Fuki ProbleminKyoiku-Jironpublished in Meiji period. The perspective of social-constructionism approach developed by Kitsuse and Spector was employed in this study. The questions I asked here were:(1) what sexual behaviors were considered problematic?;(2) what rhetoric was used to make them problematic?; and (3) what reactions were arisen. In these problem areas, I also examined the countermeasures taken by educators and administration, the counter discourse and the behaviors of students.
    The following are the findings of this study.(1) Male students: buying prostitute, sexual violence against younger boys (including gay sexual behaviors), women or girls and having a date with female students were considered sexually delinquent. Female students; prostituting, becoming a mistress and having a date with male students were thought to be sexually improper.(2) In most articles, these sexual behaviors were problematized without providing reasons. Simultaneously, the authors immediately concluded that sexual behavior of youth must be controlled with vigor.(3) Educators thought that bad manners ubiquitously seen in Japan were the factors of youth's problematic behaviors and suggested that students should be strictly supervised. These arguments were realized as the purity of environment around students and the supervision of youth by administrators and educators. Contrary to these movements, however, heated problematizations on sexual behaviors of youth caused some counter discourses. They also led student's movement of self government.
  • 齋藤 公一
    日本フランス語フランス文学会関東支部論集
    1993年 1 巻
    発行日: 1993/03/10
    公開日: 2018/03/30
    会議録・要旨集 フリー
  • 上林 澄雄
    舞踊學
    1989年 1989 巻 12 号 1-6
    発行日: 1989年
    公開日: 2010/04/30
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 田中 求
    林業経済研究
    2014年 60 巻 2 号 13-24
    発行日: 2014/07/01
    公開日: 2017/08/28
    ジャーナル フリー
    コウゾやミツマタなどの国産和紙原料が激減する中で,それを用いた本来の「和紙」そのものも消えつつある。本稿では和紙原料の主要産地であった山村の動態から,和紙原料生産の現状と問題点を明らかにする。対象地域は高知県いの町柳野地区である。柳野地区の和紙原料生産は,生業と作業形態,買い取り価格が変化する中で衰退していた。ミツマタは焼畑で栽培されてきたが,植林によりほぼ消滅した。コウゾも家屋の周囲などでのみ栽培されているに過ぎない。雇用労働への収入源の転換で栽培者が減る中で,作業は労働交換ではなく雇用労働に変わり,コウゾの収入源としての魅力は薄れていった。さらには,台風による被害で輸入コウゾが増加する一方,高齢化で十分な管理が行えないコウゾが増え,買い取り価格は下がり,イノシシのコウゾ食害は農家の栽培意欲を削いだ。そして,土佐コウゾが売りさばけずに余る,という状況に至っていたのである。柳野での和紙原料生産は消滅の危機にあるといえよう。
  • 杉山 和明
    人文地理
    1999年 51 巻 4 号 396-409
    発行日: 1999/08/28
    公開日: 2009/04/28
    ジャーナル フリー
    In recent years, there has been much debate over the social production of space and the relationship between social subject and space. The author, emphasizing the social structural context, contributes to this debate by identifying social space focused on one district. This paper seeks to reveal the significant relationship in which society and space are reconstructed in the late modern era, considering the differences between subjective space and objective space, mass behavior during weekend nights, and the factors influencing the mechanism of perception. To put it concretely, the purpose of this paper is to explain how youths, between the ages of 15 and 29, use the space and act in the night amusement quarter applying the concept of social space, and to examine the experiences of this generation using the ethnographical method.
    A case study was carried out in the EKIMAE district, the redeveloped area in front of Toyama station, Toyama City. EKIMAE is a commonly used name for the space. Social space refers to subjective social space expressed as a mental map depicted in the youths' own way. On the other hand, objective social space is the space bounded by the regulator of public space, the Toyama Police Department, which is a police patrolling area defined by their own territorial perception in order to monitor and control the populace. Neither space, objective and subjective, is an official administrative district.
    The remarkable result of various examinations of these spaces is that NANPA spot, a place where girl or boy hunting are conducted, is equivalent to subjective social space and plays an important role for the youth to maintain their identity. Examining the way in which commodities were selected by the youth in the questionnaire, it was demonstrated that various commodities are obstacles to their entry. Furthermore, when they participate in the space as an actor or observer, space functions as theater in a high consumption society. As such, the space where youths encounter one another is constructed as subjective social space and they therefore tend to feel their perceived territory as home.
    This analysis assists us in understanding the quality of late modern places and how subject and place become inextricably intertwined in the context of social structure.
  • 今里 悟之
    人文地理
    1995年 47 巻 5 号 458-480
    発行日: 1995/10/28
    公開日: 2009/04/28
    ジャーナル フリー
    Social geographical studies concerned with rural societies in Japan until the 1970's dealt almost exclusively with the relationship between settlement forms and social structure (distribution of social groups or strength of social unity). Although religious landscape as place has attracted new attention since the 1980's in order to elucidate the symbolic meaning of space, most of the existing literature has not taken relation between landscape and social structure into consideration so far. Keeping such a drawback in mind, this article seeks to clarify the relation by grouping social functions of constituents of rural landscape, which are represented by religious objects, for instance, shrines, jizo (guardian deity statues) and graveyards. Note that the term social structure in this study concerns comprehensive relations associated with intra-settlement social groups and traditional rural households.
    To pursue this aim, Aso, a mountain village located in the western part of Shiga Prefecture, Japan, was selected as the study field. With respect to the time span, the period from the Edo period to the present is taken up to examine historical changes of landscape. Based on remarkable changes in the local municipality's boundary and landscape, the four periods were established. There are various possible subjects associated with rural landscape, but the main focus here is restricted to social groups in the village.
    The second section is devoted to an investigation of relationships between social group systems and social structure in the village under consideration. Social groups of hongo (formerly influential hamlets) are classified into the three different hierarchical levels: mura (self-government organizations), Kami/Shimo (organizations for supporting agricultural and Buddhist-temple activities) and kumi (mutual aid organizations). The social groups Kami/Shimo, as well as the four kumis check each other. The three edago (hamlets formerly subordinated to hongo) generally belonged to the kumi level, but it is considered that an edago evolved to the mura level. Moreover, there was a strict social hierarchy of households, especially until the prewar period. This is an outline of the social structure in the study field.
    In the third and fourth sections, specific functions of social landscape constituents are identified in relation to social life, social structure-mentioned in the second section-and location of constituents themselves concerned with these. The term “social landscape constituent” here is used to denote landscape elements owned, managed and used by a social group. The functions of the constituents can be classified into five categories: mental unification, self-assertion, mutual understanding, territory declaration and memorial services for the dead. Due attention is not paid to such functions as community properties, production facilities and infrastructure, because of lack of enough information. From this procedure, however, the matrices of social landscape constituents are prepared for every period defined earlier.
    Interrelations between social change and the matrices are explored in the fifth section. 1) the Edo period (1605-1873): edago seldom had social landscape constituents, suggesting their subordination to hongo. 2) the prewar period (1874-1946): the matrix shows that an edago, a Rokuro-kumi, strengthened its social unification, and became so competitive as to be regarded as an independent community. 3) the postwar period (1947-1964): Rokuro-kumi and Kumanobata-kumi were separated from the hongo and formed the new Kijiyama district. The appearance of war monuments represented the defeat and decline of the communities under analysis. 4) after the period of high economic growth (1965-1993): this period witnessed the most drastic change among the four.
  • 渡辺 浩
    政治思想研究
    2001年 1 巻 1-29
    発行日: 2001/05/10
    公開日: 2012/11/20
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 柳原 恵
    日本オーラル・ヒストリー研究
    2014年 10 巻 99-119
    発行日: 2014/09/06
    公開日: 2018/12/10
    ジャーナル フリー
    This paper focuses on the anniversary of the death of a peasant soldier and his mother, called Senzo-ki, observed by Urara-Sha Reading Group in Kitakami city, Iwate prefecture, and reveals how local feminists question the relationship between war and women in Iwate by analyzing the life stories of two local feminists in the reading group; Obara Reiko and Ishikawa Junko. They consider that wartime sexual violence against women is linked to peacetime gender inequality, and reinterpret women's experiences of war in Iwate from a feminist perspective. Senzo-ki is neither an event to honor the spirits of the war dead nor a peace movement characterized by maternalism like many other women's movements in Japan. Succeeding to the history of postwar peace movements in this area critically, it objects to the militarization of women.
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