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  • 鈴木 珠里
    オリエント
    1997年 40 巻 1 号 155-171
    発行日: 1997/09/30
    公開日: 2010/03/12
    ジャーナル フリー
    Forugh Farrokhzad (1935-67) was a famous modern Iranian poet who expressed her feelings and described her experiences in feminine voice. It is more notable, however, that she is one of the poets who founded modern Iranian poetry, succeeding Nima Yushij (1895-1960).
    Indeed, concerning most of her works written in the first, second, and third collection, she obeyed and restricted herself to the traditional forms and language, and these poems are uncomplete and immature. It was through the relationship with the cinematographer and controversial writer Ebrahim Golestan (b. 1922) that she began to develop her poetry, thoughts, and knowledge. In 1964, she published the fourth collection “Another Birth (Tavallod-i Digar)”, whose title shows her own ‘rebirth’ as a poet. In this collection, she tried to produce a new rhythm, style, and poetic language, beyond the various rules of Persian traditional poetry, and she succeeded in creating her unique poetic images which make up her poetry.
    Her attempt to write poems not according to forms but to content, especially in terms of poetic language, has had a great influence on many contemporary poets. In regard to images, Forugh made familiar words, for example ‘window’ ‘garden’ ‘home’ ‘hand’, universal images in her poetry, while she adopted some abstract words like ‘line’ and ‘volume’. Through her poetry, which is composed of various images, Forugh observed and described the real world, and she attempted to communicate in her poetry that she always tried to find the truth and make verses for her readers.
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