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  • 阿部 希望
    農業史研究
    2012年 46 巻 46-59
    発行日: 2012年
    公開日: 2017/03/23
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    This study examined how, since the late Meiji period, retail trade in seeds responded to and developed with the improvements and extensions made in vegetable production, through an analysis of the business of the Takahashi family, a retailer of seeds based in Kita-Kanbara, Niigata, Japan. Since the late Meiji period, new demands for vegetables arose due to the development of secondary and tertiary sectors of industry, the development of Niigata city, and an increase in consumer populations due to growth of the labor market. With these changes, the areas of Kita-Kanbara and Naka-Kanbara, located close to Niigata city and within the trading territory of the Takahashi family, became important for vegetable production within the prefecture, despite being priority areas for rice production. The characteristic land use in these areas came about through the development of vegetable production by fully utilizing small plots of upland fields, scattered across a large area of erosion control forests and rice paddy fields. The secondary income obtained from producing many vegetables became an important income source for farm businesses in the area, where the foundation of such businesses was rice production. This can be identified as one of the characteristics of modern vegetable production in Japan, and differed from that of other upland farming areas close to large cities which have been the subject of conventional studies. During the period in which the modern vegetable production areas developed, the Takahashi family shifted their trading style from peddling, by the head of family, to starting a store, and the family dramatically increased their trading territory, customer numbers, and sales by the following means: 1) mass buying through electronic trading, 2) developing contracted seed production, 3) employing Uriko, and 4) setting up stalls at markets. With the demands for seeds increasing year-on-year, they 5) increased the number of Uriko employed and 6) introduced Okidane during the early Showa period. Being production site-based and with direct interest in the development of local vegetable production, the seeds retailers supported the development of vegetable production in modern Japan by playing the role of a main supplier, creating direct demand for seeds while also making incremental progress toward changes in local agriculture.
  • 燃料協会誌
    1939年 18 巻 9 号 907-913
    発行日: 1939/09/20
    公開日: 2011/10/21
    ジャーナル フリー
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