This paper discusses the pachinko industry's tremendous market expansion and development in the 1980s through an examination of factors related to the transformation of pachinko parlor management during this period.
The first factor in this development is related to increasing stability of the profit structure of parlors that occurred as sales fluctuations became smaller, a trend spurred by the sudden rise in sales brought about by greater enthusiasm for gambling. At the same time, management became increasingly independent as it no longer needed to readjust the individual pins on game boards, a process that required a great deal of technical skill.
The second factor is related to the supply system of the ‘Fever’ machine, which occurred in response to the pachinko boom. Since there is high fluctuation in demand, machinery manufacturers generally do not have sufficient production facilities to fill orders in a short period of time when popular models appear. However, in response to the sudden popularity of the ‘Fever’ machine, other makers, in addition to the original manufacturer, started to produce and supply imitations, making it possible to meet expanded demand throughout Japan.
On the other hand, competition became more fierce as many new parlors entered the market, enticed by the industry's growth potential. Parlor management, which had previously relied on, among other things, technical expertise related to pachinko board pin adjustment, now found itself confronted with limitations. The industry thus sought new management approaches as it attempted to come to terms with the new situation.
日本は人口減少・超高齢社会に対応して，公共交通を軸としたコンパクト＋ネットワークの実現に向けた計画が進んでいる．拠点間で都市サービス機能を有する施設を補完するためには，拠点に施設が集積していることに加え，拠点間を公共交通で円滑に移動できることが重要である．そこで，本研究は施設集積率および拠点間公共交通所要時間の把握を通じて，各都市がコンパクト＋ネットワーク施策を考える際の参考情報を得ることを目的とする．分析の結果，各都市がおかれている相対的なコンパクト＋ ネットワークの現状が明らかとなった．また，1)地方圏都市における拠点間の多くで所要時間が60 分を超えていること，2)特にその傾向は他拠点との施設補完が不可欠と思われる施設集積率の低い拠点を含む拠点間にみられることがわかった．