The purpose of the study was to focus on the prejudice toward people receiving welfare and to identify the psychological factors related to such prejudice. Participants included 193 university students (104 male and 89 female, M = 19.5 years). Links among the participants’ self-esteem, nationalism, perspective taking, and prejudice toward people receiving welfare were examined. Multiple regression analysis revealed that prejudice was positively related to nationalism and negatively related to perspective taking. Implications for mitigating criticism toward people receiving welfare are discussed.