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全文: "Adult children"
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  • リャウ カオリー
    人口学研究
    2002年 30 巻 1-22
    発行日: 2002/05/31
    公開日: 2017/09/12
    ジャーナル フリー
    本論文は,高齢者の移動を理解する四つの理論的な見方を現実のデータにより,検討しようとするものである。第一は,定年退職後の発展の見方(post-retirement developmental perspective)である。この見方によれば,高齢者達が自活能力の変化に伴う三段階で移動する可能性が高いと思われる:良い居住環境への移動,家族や友人の定住地への移動,施設に入居する移動。第二は,長い生涯の見方(life-course perspective)であり,若い頃に生計を立てるために経済機会の良い地域へ移動した高齢者が郷里へ移動する強い傾向が予想される。第三は,世代関係の見方(intergenerational perspective)であり,高齢者が成人子供の定住地に強く吸引されることが考えられる。第四は,経済的な見方(economic perspective)である。この見方によれば,高齢者が生活費の低いところへ移動しやすい一方,経済力の弱い地方が裕福な高齢者の流入を促すことは予想できる。これら四つの理論的な見方が高齢者の移動パターンと選択性を説明する能力は,社会経済の背景によって,異なるのである。第一の見方がアメリカの白人の主な州間移動パターンをよく説明できるが,そこの黒人やカナダの高齢者の州間移動に対して,第二の見方の説明力が強い。第三の見方に従う移動研究によって,個人主義が最も進んできたと思われるアメリカでさえ,成人子供の定住地が高齢父母を強く吸引していることは明らかになった。つまり,世代間の繋がりが弱くなっていなくて,成人子供が高齢父母と助け合っていけるという明るい見通しが示唆された。第四の見方は,フロリダとカリフォニアの両州での高齢者移動パターンの大きな違いを説明できる一方,良い居住環境に恵まれた経済力の弱い地域が高齢者移動の強い選択性により,裕福な高齢者を多く吸引する画策の作り方に有効な思案を提供できるのである。高齢化が深刻になっていく21世紀を考えながら,著者が強調したいのは世代関係の見方である。この見方から獲得した研究成果は,核家族化が必ず成人子供と高齢父母との繋がりを弱くしていく考えを否定したものである。日本のような核家族化した社会に,同居していなくても,成人子供は身体が不自由になった高齢父母の暮らしに重要な役割を果たしつづけるはずであろう。
  • MA Zhongdong, ZHOU Guowei
    Geographical review of Japan series B
    2009年 81 巻 1 号 47-59
    発行日: 2009/03/26
    公開日: 2009/03/26
    ジャーナル フリー
    In developing countries, the impact of migration on elderly care is often perceived to be negative, as young adults who migrate for labor or other reasons leave their elderly parents behind in backward villages. We argue that such a loss-of-care effect can be compensated by the income transferred from the migrant children to their elderly parents. Based on the 2004 General Social Survey in China (CGSS04), we studied both the effect of migration on income transfer to the elderly and the impact of migration on the overall wellbeing of the elderly in rural areas. Regression results show a strong enhancing effect of interprovincial migration on the income transfer to the elderly, increasing both the odds of a significant transfer by 67% and the overall amount by nearly 30%. The elderly in households with interprovincial migrant children were found more likely to be satisfied economically than those in households without any migrant children. The difference between the overall satisfaction of the two household types was found to be very little, however, indicating that the negative and positive effects of temporary migration were more or less balanced. The policy implication is that the overall wellbeing of the elderly in backward regions, especially in migration-sending areas, can be greatly improved if elderly care is community-based.
  • A. Stochmal, K. Olszewska, K. Kawecka-Jaszcz
    バイオフィリア
    2011年 1 巻 4 号 4_27
    発行日: 2011/09/29
    公開日: 2012/10/20
    ジャーナル フリー
    The patients with implanted cardioverter- defibrilator (ICD) who underwent the multiple device interventions or so called ‘electric storm' need special attention. Key point in everyday functioning of the patient with ICD play information concerning the mechanism and performance of the ICD given by the doctor and psychologist as well as information about physical activity given by physiotherapist. The role of a psychologist is crucial also after the intervention of ICD. Rehabilitation process begins before the implementation of ICD and lasts during the whole hospitalization. Further rehabilitation under supervision of a physiotherapist after discharge is desirable, as well. The aim of this presentation is to point out a problem and introduce the analysis of illness and treatment history of the patient with recurrent ICD discharges in the aspect of psychological intervention made in parallel to the standard medical treatment. We present a 66 year-old patient, married, having 3 adult children with the history of heart failure (NYHA III), stable angina pectoris (CCSII), hypertension, hypercholesterolemia and psoriasis. A few years ago ICD implementation took place. Subsequently several phantom discharges occurred which were described by the patient as unpleasant and suffocating painless feeling. However, one adequate ICD discharge occurred, characterized by the patient as painful with a feeling of ‘thunder in his head' and ‘fire in his chest'. At the presentation to our Department, the patient was emotionally tensed with the feeling of fear and anticipatory anxiety before another ICD discharges. Psychological interview, conversation and examination with the use of STAI Questionnaire (by Spielberger, Strelau, Tysarczyk, Wrześniewski) in the 1stand 4thday of hospitalization showed significant changes in the anxiety level depending on the time interval from ICD intervention. In the Intensive Care Unit, the feeling of the patient's anxiety as a state reached 10thsten, when the level of anxiety as a feature achieved 6thsten. The patient reported the feeling of nervousness, problems with sleeping, vigilance at night hours connected with the fear of another discharges, despite the ICD being turned off. After discharging from ICU, the patient was treated on General Cardiac Department where, in the 4thday of hospital stay, the level of anxiety as a state decreased to 5thsten. During hospitalization the patient took part in the physiotherapy process every day. Before discharge he made 6-minute walk test (distance of 480 m), his blood pressure level and pulse were correct. The patient was recommended to continue exercises and cykloergometer riding after discharge. He was also directed to rehabilitation hospital for further physiotherapy. Conclusions: In the cases of ICD discharges psychological and physiotherapeutic help, in parallel to the standard medical interventions, seems to be necessary. Future research could be aimed at the verification of the correlation between psychological evaluation of the patient's functioning and biochemical tests: determination of the levels of steroids and catecholamines in the blood and urine.
  • Pant GS, Rajabi H, Bal CS, Padhy AK, Basu AK, Jain SC
    日本放射線技術学会雑誌
    1995年 51 巻 10 号 1332-
    発行日: 1995/10/01
    公開日: 2017/06/29
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 教育学研究
    2001年 68 巻 3 号 344-347
    発行日: 2001年
    公開日: 2011/06/02
    ジャーナル フリー
  • Stephen T. Holgate
    アレルギー
    2009年 58 巻 3-4 号 315-
    発行日: 2009/04/30
    公開日: 2017/02/10
    ジャーナル フリー
  • Els-Marie Anbacken
    日本保健福祉学会誌
    2011年 18 巻 1 号 41-47
    発行日: 2011/08/01
    公開日: 2017/09/15
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 人類働態学会
    Journal of Human Ergology
    1978年 7 巻 2 号 95-96
    発行日: 1978/12/15
    公開日: 2010/06/28
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 藤原 修, 宮本 佳代子, 王 建青
    電気学会論文誌C(電子・情報・システム部門誌)
    2004年 124 巻 12 号 2427-2432
    発行日: 2004年
    公開日: 2005/03/01
    ジャーナル フリー
    Biological hazards due to radio-frequency (RF) waves result mainly from the temperature rise in tissue. It should be, therefore, clarified to what extent the RF waves of portable telephones increase the temperature-rise in human brain that includes the central part governing the body-temperature regulation function. In this paper, we calculated both the specific absorption rate (SAR) and the resultant temperature-rise for 900 MHz and 2 GHz portable telephones using the finite-difference time-domain (FDTD) method for three typical use positions, i.e., the vertical position, cheek position and tilt position. As a result, we found that there was an increase for median and 1% value of the cumulative distribution of temperature-rise in children’s brains for any use positions of the portable telephones compared to that in the adult’s brain, and also that the increasing trend in children’s brains for temperature-rise is identical to the temperature-rise trend in children’s hypothalamus. In addition, we found that the ten-gram averaged peak SAR among the adult and children heads had the same trend as that of the 0.1% value of the relatively cumulative distribution of temperature-rise, which shows that the ten-gram averaged peak SAR reflects only the localized temperature-rise in the brain surface.
  • KUBO Tomoko, ONOZAWA Yasuko, HASHIMOTO Misao, HISHINUMA Yusuke, MATSUI Keisuke
    Geographical review of Japan series B
    2010年 83 巻 1 号 47-63
    発行日: 2010/09/30
    公開日: 2010/10/10
    ジャーナル フリー
    This study aimed to discuss the effectiveness of mixed development, which generates a socially mixed community, in avoiding the neighborhood aging problems that can arise in Japanese suburban neighborhoods. Discussions on social mix in Japan would contribute to the development of sustainable and inclusive communities. We examined the case of Narita New Town, which consists of diverse housing types, and clarified how and why socially mixed neighborhoods have been developed and sustained for decades. Hypotheses of this study on the relationship between mixed development and sustainability of an area were described: 1) mixed development can generate constant housing supply in the area, and it may cause substantial housing demands for both newly built and second-hand houses in the area; 2) supply of second-hand houses promotes movement of existing residents within the area; and 3) these active movements work efficiently to avoid the aging problem of the whole area, thus the area and their community can be sustainable for a long time. As a result, the elderly population rate of Narita New Town remained lower than that of Narita City. Within Narita New Town, the elderly population rate was higher in the old detached-house districts and luxury residential districts, and the residents tended to be white-collar. On the other hand, most of the rented house districts and detached house areas with blue-collar residents showed a lower rate. Therefore, a mixture of housing types and socioeconomic status work efficiently to maintain the sustainability of the town as a whole. In addition to the mixed development, adjacency to Narita Airport with its personnel turnover and support of community helped to maintain a pleasant residential environment in the town, and stimulated inflows of new comers and moves within the town, and thus sustainability was maintained in the town.
  • Mio OHTA, Ichiro KAI
    日本公衆衛生雑誌
    2004年 51 巻 11 号 951-957
    発行日: 2004年
    公開日: 2014/08/29
    ジャーナル フリー
    Objective In this study, we aimed to examine the factors that affect people's attitudes toward parental care. Previous qualitative studies present several factors that affect the decision of adult children of whether to take care of elderly parents or send them to a nursing home when they become fragile and need daily help. In the present study, we included affection, filial obligation, sekentei (i.e., wanting to keep an appearance of taking care), and other factors presented in previous studies.
    Methods In May 2001, we mailed a questionnaire to females in their 30s who live in an agricultural area of K. City, Saitama Prefecture in Japan. We asked the respondents whether they would take care of their mothers or mothers-in-law, or send the mothers to a nursing home when the mothers need 24-hour care in the near future.
    Results Logistic regression analysis revealed that filial obligation and sekentei affected attitude toward care in the case of a mother while affection did in the case of a mother-in-law.
    Discussion These results suggest that women who do not have intimate feelings towards their mothers-in-law may choose not be a caregiver. On the other hand, women may take care of their mothers, whatever feelings they have because of the blood-relation. Also it may be that in such a small agricultural area, sekentei affects people's conduct, even if it is a private matter, such as caring an elderly mother.
  • 林 泰秀
    臨床血液
    2008年 49 巻 6 号 373-381
    発行日: 2008年
    公開日: 2008/09/05
    ジャーナル 認証あり
  • KUBO Tomoko
    Geographical review of Japan series B
    2011年 84 巻 1 号 27-28
    発行日: 2011年
    公開日: 2011/12/03
    ジャーナル フリー
  • Susumu NAKADE, Shinya UEDA, Tomoya OHNO, Kazuki NAKAYAMA, Yasuyuki MIYATA, Eiji YUKAWA, Shun HIGUCHI
    Drug Metabolism and Pharmacokinetics
    2006年 21 巻 2 号 133-139
    発行日: 2006年
    公開日: 2006/05/10
    ジャーナル フリー
      This study aimed to assess the steady-state pharmacokinetics of pranlukast, a leukotriene receptor antagonist, in children with allergic rhinitis and bronchial asthma, and to clarify factors affecting apparent clearance (CL/F). A total of 192 plasma samples were obtained from 98 children (rhinitis 64, asthma 13, complications 21), aged 3-14 years in 2 clinical trials. Plasma concentration of pranlukast was determined by liquid chromatography connected with a tandem mass spectrometer and analyzed by a population approach using NONMEM program. The plasma concentration-time course of pranlukast was described by using a one-compartment model with the first-order absorption and lag time. The robustness of the population pharmacokinetic model was evaluated by using 200 bootstrap samples. The results of population pharmacokinetic analysis showed that only age was a factor affecting the CL/F per body weight, with CL/F decreasing with increasing age. No significant variation was seen in the CL/F between rhinitis and asthma. The interindividual variability in the CL/F and the residual variability were 19.7% and 48.4%, respectively. All the parameters fell within 10% of the bootstrapped mean. In conclusion, the results show that age is the most influential factor for explaining interindividual variability in CL/F, and the difference in diseases does not affect CL/F.
  • 岩澤 幹直, 久島 英雄, 清野 真理
    日本レーザー医学会誌
    1995年 16 巻 Supplement 号 293-294
    発行日: 1995年
    公開日: 2012/09/24
    ジャーナル フリー
    We have treated about two hundreds cases of Nevus Ohta and sixty cases of ectopic mongorian spots.
    Dosages of laser was 6J/cm2 Interval of treatments was more than six weeks. Q-switched ruby laser was effective in all cases. However, repeated treatment was necessary, pigmentation improved after three times laser irradiation. At least five times irradiation was necessary to show dramatical improvement in adult. In children, three times laser irradiation was enough to achieve good results in almost cases. This might related to the fact that children's skin was thinner than adult's skin.
    Histological examination by using KP-1 antibody suggested that the peak of macrophage activity exist within two months after laser irradiation.
  • Lei Yang, Pekka Martikainen, Karri Silventoinen
    Journal of Epidemiology
    2016年 26 巻 11 号 602-609
    発行日: 2016/11/05
    公開日: 2016/11/05
    [早期公開] 公開日: 2016/04/30
    ジャーナル フリー
    Background: The relationship between socio-economic status and health among elderly people has been well studied, but less is known about how spousal or offspring’s education affects mortality, especially in non-Western countries. We investigated these associations using a large sample of Chinese elderly.
    Methods: The data came from the Chinese Longitudinal Healthy Longevity Survey (CLHLS) from the years 2005 to 2011 (n = 15 355, aged 65–105 years at baseline; 5046 died in 2008, and 2224 died in 2011). Educational attainment, occupational status, and household income per capita were used as indicators of socio-economic status. Spousal and offspring’s education were added into the final models. The Cox proportional hazards model was used to study mortality risk by gender.
    Results: Adjusted for age, highly educated males and females had, on average, 29% and 37% lower mortality risk, respectively, than those with a lower education. Particularly among men, this effect was observed among those whose children had intermediate education only. A higher household income was also associated with lower mortality risk among the elderly. Male elderly living with a well-educated spouse (HR 0.79; 95% CI, 0.64–0.99) had a lower mortality risk than those living with a low-educated spouse.
    Conclusions: Both the socio-economic status of the individual and the educational level of a co-resident spouse or child are associated with mortality risk in elderly people. The socio-economic position of family members plays an important role in producing health inequality among elderly people.
  • Japanese Journal of Tropical Medicine and Hygiene
    2001年 29 巻 1 号 15-17
    発行日: 2001/03/15
    公開日: 2011/05/20
    ジャーナル フリー
  • Xueping Zheng, Xu Zhang, Xuejun Liu, Wenfeng Mu, Wenru Yang, Youxin Liu, Ping Ge, Haifeng Li
    Internal Medicine
    2014年 53 巻 20 号 2377-2380
    発行日: 2014年
    公開日: 2014/10/15
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    Abstract Tacrolimus, a novel immunosuppressant agent, has been widely used in organ transplantation and autoimmune diseases. We herein present a case of neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) combined with Sjögren's syndrome (SS) successfully treated with tacrolimus. This patient repeatedly presented with recurrent longitudinally extensive transverse myelitis. Her NMO-IgG and anti-SSA and anti-SSB antibodies were seropositive. Considering the frequency of relapses and severe disability, tacrolimus was initiated after failure of intravenous cyclophosphamide. Her status was steady for over 36 months after tacrolimus treatment. This report indicates that tacrolimus may be a potentially effective immunosuppressant for NMOSD with systemic autoimmune diseases.
  • 斉藤 安彦
    人口学研究
    2001年 29 巻 102-104
    発行日: 2001/12/01
    公開日: 2017/09/12
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 小野 眞紀子, 田中 茂男, 竹内 麗理, 松本 裕子, 藤井 彰, 小宮 正道, 秋元 芳明
    歯科薬物療法
    2010年 29 巻 3 号 97-103
    発行日: 2010/12/01
    公開日: 2011/01/09
    ジャーナル フリー
    顔面・頸部の放線菌症は,軟組織や骨に発症する肉芽腫性化膿性疾患である.特徴的な所見は,板状硬結,腫脹部の小瘻孔,放線菌塊である.顔面・頸部の放線菌症は,小児では希な感染症である.我々は,8歳の男児に発症した顎放線菌症を報告した.推察された発症原因は根管治療中の下顎乳臼歯であった.
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