This study examines whether local processing in children with autism spectrum disorder (ASD) is related to both attention and perception. Thirteen children with ASD and 20 normative controls completed a selective attention task involving Navon stimuli, in the active attention task and a priming task involving facial stimuli with spatial frequency (SF) filtering as primes in the unconscious perception task. In the selective attention task, children with ASD showed slower responses to both global and local conditions, and fewer correct responses for the global condition than the controls. Results suggest that children with ASD exhibit biased processing towards local information. In the priming task, controls responded faster and more accurate in the low-SF primed stimuli condition compared to the high-SF one, but children with ASD did not show response differences between low- and high-SF conditions. Thus, children with ASD exhibit enhanced local processing in perception. As regards to both attention and perception, children with ASD showed local processing advantage compared with controls.
[Purpose] This study aimed to investigate the effect of auditory rhythmic cueing on gross motor skills in children with autism. [Participants and Methods] A total of 30 autistic children aged 8–10 years with mild to moderate autistic features participated in this study. They were randomly allocated to either the control group (n=15), which underwent a specially designed physical therapy program, or the study group (n=15), which underwent the same program in addition to gait training with rhythmic auditory stimulation. To provide rhythmic auditory stimulation, combination of a metronome beat set to the child’s cadence and rhythmic cueing from the MIDI Cuebase musical program was used. Both groups received 3 sessions per week for 3 months. The Bruininks-Oseretsky Test of Motor Proficiency 2nd Edition was used to assess gross motor skills at baseline and after 3 months of intervention. [Results] The study found statistically significant improvements in bilateral coordination, balance, running speed and agility, and strength in both groups after treatment. Moreover, there were statistically significant differences between the 2 groups, with the study group showing better improvement in all outcome measures. [Conclusion] Gait training with auditory rhythmic cueing elicited a positive effect on the gross motor skills of children with autism.