This paper discusses the danger that the BPO, which should be obliged to
act as a bulwark against public authorities intervening in program production,
may threaten the freedom of broadcasting and intimidate broadcasters.
The aim of this paper is to investigate several cases in which TV stations
submitted their reports in order to officially express objections to BPO’s decisions
and to clarify the problems of these decisions and issues that the BPO
Through the examination of four cases that fit the above conditions, some
problematic decisions were revealed which the BRC, one of the BPO committees,
had made. These include one case in which the BRC pointed out ethical
problems in TV programs based on a misunderstanding of the facts and mistaken
interpretations by the BRC, and another case in which they concluded
that human rights were violated based on information that had not been broadcasted.
The BRC should have an obligation to examine factual information, conduct
verification, clarify the standards of judgment, share their understanding of
broadcasting ethics with TV stations, in order to make equal and fair judgments
to regain the trust of broadcasters.
The BPO should take these BRC-related problems seriously and become a
true guardian of the freedom of broadcasting, defending the media from the
authorities that intend to intervene in the broadcasting industry.
The aim of this paper is to examine the Deliberative Organ （or Council）
for broadcast programmes （Bangumi Shingikai）, a statutory advisory body
established by each TV and radio station in accordance with Japan’s broadcast
act. Together with Programme Standards, the Deliberative Council is a significant
part of ‘Japan’s Regulation Model for Broadcasting’ that ensures the appropriateness
of the broadcast programmes. Designed to be self-regulatory, the
council enables broadcasters and audiences with high esteem to discuss the
quality of the programmes and consider whether they are appropriate for
broadcasting. Despite its importance, little research attention has been given to
the practice of this system. In reflecting upon the history of the system and the
gender and occupational ratio of committee members, this paper focuses on
how terrestrial commercial broadcasting stations have managed the council.
Surveys were also conducted among these stations in 2016, and the results indicate that the system is not fully regarded as a system of self-regulation among
broadcasters, although it is generally valued from the point of programme