The current Japan-US nuclear cooperation agreement, which is the result of strenuous diplomatic negotiations in the 1970s-80s, should best be extended beyond July 2018 as it stands now. However, in view of various unfavorable circumstances (such as the delayed operation of the Rokkasho-mura Reprocessing Plant, Monju, MOX programs), further determined efforts are needed on the Japanese side to improve the domestic climate by removing as much as possible the existing negative factors. Above all, Japan should endeavor to dissipate misgivings abroad about clandestine military diversions, somewhat provoked by Mr. Donald Trump's recent statements as well as Chinese accusations.
Using a full-head-scale 48ch near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) machine (a system used to visualize brain function), we evaluated brain imaging reactions with regard to four items that are often discussed in the context of direct mail marketing services, namely the difference between paper and electronic media, the difference between a one-time and multiple presentations, the presence or absence of a byname, and the relative number of products being presented.For the presentation of a small number of items with names that were posted repeatedly using paper media, signal intensity was found to be heightened in the prefrontal cortex.Findings obtained using neuromarketing methods indicate that these methods offer indispensable tools for the development of products and services that engage reward systems, or in other words, engage consumer desire.
1996年に創設した民間デジタル・アーカイブ機関，Internet Archiveは広範な文化資源のアーカイブをおこなっている。そのうち，ウェブページのアーカイブ，テレビニュースと政治広告のアーカイブ，書籍の電子化について最近の動向を報告した。また2016年6月にInternet Archiveの本部で開催された，「非集中型ウェブ・サミット（Decentralized Web Summit：Locking the Web Open）」についても簡単に報告した。
In November 2016, Republican Donald Trump was elected the 45th president of the United States in a major upset. He was a complete political amateur. Trump won the close election against Democrat Hillary Clinton largely because he carried Rust Belt swing states such as Ohio, Pennsylvania, Michigan and Wisconsin. It seemed that his populist, anti-foreign and protectionist rhetoric had attracted white working class voters in the Rust Belt, who had not felt the benefits of globalization.
Still, the sudden rise of the amateur politician president is not easy to fully understand. Given that the labor market had recovered from the Great Recession and the U.S. Economy was on a path toward recovery, why and how did American voters give victory to a populist candidate like Trump? To answer that question, we need to understand the 2016 election in the broad context of American history.
It is assumed that the rising tide of populism which brought this historic victory to Trump was not the result of a single factor, but rather a set of factors. This article focuses on five factors which have caused populist movements in U.S. history: change in the industrial structure, globalization, a deep recession, distrust of politics, and cultural backlash. This article discusses the 2016 election in association with each of these factors and offers specific examples of populist movements in the past in an effort to reinterpret the contemporary history of the United States.
The background of the rise of populism in the 2016 election was public distrust of politics. Outsider Trump successfully convinced voters that he would be an anti-establishment president. If the two major political parties had substantially performed their function of interest aggregation, there would have been no chance for an outsider to win the presidential election. The Republican Party had inherited Reagan’s conservative coalition from the 1980s, while the Democratic Party had inherited Bill Clinton’s center-left coalition from the 1990s. However, the 2016 election marked the end of an era. Trump and his supporters were not so much interested in Reaganism, and Bernie Sanders and the liberal Democrats challenged Clintonism.
Since the end of the Cold War, income inequality in the United States has increased markedly, and many people have come to believe that this was caused by liberalization and globalization. American workers have felt left behind by the political system and are demanding major change in that system. At the very least, Trump’s policies should shake up the old architecture of the two-party system.