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  • 教育学研究
    2018年 85 巻 1 号 67-70
    発行日: 2018年
    公開日: 2018/10/17
    ジャーナル フリー
  • Takayuki TATSUMI
    The Journal of the American Literature Society of Japan
    2016年 2016 巻 15 号 1-4
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2018/05/18
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 小林 康隆
    情報の科学と技術
    2017年 67 巻 5 号 277
    発行日: 2017/05/01
    公開日: 2017/05/01
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
  • Toshio Ohshiro
    LASER THERAPY
    2017年 26 巻 3 号 169-171
    発行日: 2017年
    公開日: 2017/09/30
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
  • 清水 利宏
    国際情報研究
    2018年 15 巻 1 号 3-11
    発行日: 2018/12/23
    公開日: 2018/12/25
    ジャーナル フリー

    本研究は、ビジネス英語スピーチと政治スピーチの背後にある関連性について、時系列的な比喩構造をヒントにマクロ的視点から分析を試みるものである。2005~2015年に発表された110本のビジネススピーチを分析した先行研究の成果を、11年という長期的な時間軸で俯瞰的に分析することで、ビジネススピーチと政治スピーチの隠れた関連性を明らかにしていく。まず、11年間・110本のビジネススピーチを分析した先行研究の論点を整理し、メタファグラム分析によって示された「概念構造を特徴づける5つの支配性パターン」のデータを整える。そして11年間分の支配性構造のデータについて、(1)視覚的なグラフ分析、(2)相関性の統計分析、(3)時系列を反映した自己相関分析を施すことで、マクロ的かつ複眼的な観点からビジネススピーチと政治スピーチの関りを調査する。これらの分析の結果、(1)大統領選挙の時期にビジネススピーチの概念構造に特異な変化が見られること、(2)2005~2015年に大統領であったブッシュとオバマ両氏の特徴的な概念構造と、ビジネスに特徴的な概念構造に逆の相関がみられること、(3)ビジネス特有の概念構造には(大統領の2期の任期と同じ)8年間の周期性が認められることが明らかになった。

  • 笹谷浩一郎
    都城工業高等専門学校研究報告
    2018年 52 巻 38-44
    発行日: 2018年
    公開日: 2018/03/30
    研究報告書・技術報告書 オープンアクセス
    Abstract At National Institute of Technology, Miyakonojo College (Miyakonojo Kosen), students are required to take English Composition class and English Grammar class during the first two years, through which they learn basic English grammar and grammatical expressions including English usage. In order to make this process more efficient, the teaching staff need regularly to see what grammatical items are practically used in daily lives and to prioritize those items to be appropriately presented to the students. In the precedent paper, I studied grammatical trends in newspaper articles on general topics such as political issues, cultural events, science and technology. This paper describes what kinds of grammatical items and expressions are frequently used in English news. As a conclusion, I was able to grasp some tendency with grammatical items, confirm new usage of some conventional words and understand the basic construction pattern of some idioms. I hope this study would help the teaching staff organize more learner-friendly teaching programs. Keywords [English grammar, idiom, news]
  • MASUHIRO NOMURA
    ENGLISH LINGUISTICS
    2000年 17 巻 1 号 193-219
    発行日: 2000年
    公開日: 2009/12/24
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 山下 絢
    日本教育学会大會研究発表要項
    2017年 76 巻 176-177
    発行日: 2017年
    公開日: 2018/04/20
    研究報告書・技術報告書 フリー
  • 大谷 卓史
    情報管理
    2016年 59 巻 4 号 264-267
    発行日: 2016/07/01
    公開日: 2016/07/01
    ジャーナル フリー HTML
  • 金子 熊夫
    動力・エネルギー技術の最前線講演論文集 : シンポジウム
    2016年 2016.21 巻 B115
    発行日: 2016年
    公開日: 2017/06/19
    会議録・要旨集 認証あり

    The current Japan-US nuclear cooperation agreement, which is the result of strenuous diplomatic negotiations in the 1970s-80s, should best be extended beyond July 2018 as it stands now. However, in view of various unfavorable circumstances (such as the delayed operation of the Rokkasho-mura Reprocessing Plant, Monju, MOX programs), further determined efforts are needed on the Japanese side to improve the domestic climate by removing as much as possible the existing negative factors. Above all, Japan should endeavor to dissipate misgivings abroad about clandestine military diversions, somewhat provoked by Mr. Donald Trump's recent statements as well as Chinese accusations.

  • 和田 修一
    法政論叢
    2018年 54 巻 1 号 163-
    発行日: 2018年
    公開日: 2018/07/14
    ジャーナル フリー
  • Toshiyuki OCHIAI, Mitsuru SUGANUMA, Yūichi NAKAMURA, Akiko SAKAKI, Masafumi NAKAGAWA
    PSYCHOLOGIA
    2017年 60 巻 1 号 16-27
    発行日: 2017年
    公開日: 2018/05/03
    ジャーナル フリー

    Using a full-head-scale 48ch near-infrared spectroscopy (NIRS) machine (a system used to visualize brain function), we evaluated brain imaging reactions with regard to four items that are often discussed in the context of direct mail marketing services, namely the difference between paper and electronic media, the difference between a one-time and multiple presentations, the presence or absence of a byname, and the relative number of products being presented.
    For the presentation of a small number of items with names that were posted repeatedly using paper media, signal intensity was found to be heightened in the prefrontal cortex.
    Findings obtained using neuromarketing methods indicate that these methods offer indispensable tools for the development of products and services that engage reward systems, or in other words, engage consumer desire.

  • 又吉 弘那
    開智国際大学紀要
    2016年 15 巻 179-201
    発行日: 2016/03/01
    公開日: 2017/11/20
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    This paper is a linguistic critical analysis by reflecting upon Robin Tolmach Lakoff's sociolinguistic analysis within her brilliant understanding of linguistics in her book, "The Language War". She portrays her understanding of linguistics though current events in time. She discusses about how politics and the people are entwined within the "Language War". Although her book was written in the year 2000, we are continuing her theory. We will add new current event issues to her theory while reflecting along with her book. According to Professor Lakoff, the purpose of linguistics is to translate and interpret the meanings of events for the next generation. Therefore, the writer of this article will follow Professor Lakoff's strategies while explaining past issues toward recent issues that are occurring in the news so we can understand the meaning of the "Language War". We must first look at the "Language War" in the testimony of violence within African American Blues, Jazz, and Spirituals. African American Blues, Jazz, and Spirituals are historical voices, resources, databases of witnesses, and victims of the past. These voices screamed out the inequality of generations. In a way, they are still surviving a "Language War" even today. They screamed for help in protest and yet due to those who perpetuated the violence of segregation, intimidation, and discrimination that took place, "no one" could help them but continued to avoid the problem. It was as if they were absent apathetic bystanders in denial and neglect. The reason is because prejudice and bigotry became the thorn of evil stuck in between the heart of empathy to produce apathy. Those who perpetuated violence under the power of mass persuasion acted in collective behavior. To understand the meanings and the backgrounds of many of these exquisitely deep profound lyrics or language of Blues, Jazz, and Spirituals, we must also understand the history of what happened to the African Americans. The United States is often viewed as a melting pot due to the history of the settlers who were faced with the difficulties in assimilating into the European society. However, these same apathetic amnesiac settlers then colonized the American Indians and their land to build what they thought was a paradise with slavery. Professor Robin Tolmach Lakoff, coined the process of what America was caught up in as the "Language War". In this "Language War", no one understood the cycle of harassment which just continued like a domestic violence. According to Professor Lakoff, the "Language War" triggered the importance of the civil rights movement in the late 60s. Out of the blues came forth a muse. Her name was Billie Holiday. This report is also to acknowledge the 100th year commemoration of the memory of Billie Holiday for the power of her voice gave birth to civil action that fought that Language War.
  • 又吉 弘那
    開智国際大学紀要
    2016年 15 巻 155-177
    発行日: 2016/03/01
    公開日: 2017/11/20
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス
    Switzerland is well known for being the founding father of the International Baccalaureate but it is also well known for the educational mentality of solidarity. We can embrace the power of their solidarity from reading their motto,"Unus pro omnibus, omnes pro uno", can be translated from Latin to English as "One for All, All for One" (Le News. 2015). Switzerland is also extremely famous for having four national or official languages which represents their respect for diversity. It was because of this motto or mentality they survived World War II. They demonstrated Effective Evidence - Based Control and Defense in "warfare" by not allowing any war planes fly over their country. In other words, during World War II they decided they had "no Allies" but "all enemies" so without discrimination they shot at every plane that flew over their sky including both the German and the United States Air Forces (Helmreich, 2000). The neutrality of Switzerland was assured by an Effective Evidence - Based Strategy of evolutional and progressive mentality. They found that in a materialistic and capitalistic world, they needed to collect and guard the world's finance by establishing the Swiss Bank. They learned that the strongest religion on earth is "money" and "greed". They learned that money has a tendency to quench our thirst for greed and banks have become humanity's churches to worship the accumulating digits in our bank accounts. They learned that protecting the wealth of the rich was the best way to defend their country. In other words, it would be literally insane to go after the Swiss because they have the bank accounts as an ultimate "hostage". They proved this in World War II and their effective evidence based strategy continues today. What is even more unique is that in 2013, Switzerland announced their next Effective Evidence - Based Strategy in "welfare" instead. They surprisingly announced, "Switzerland's Proposal to Pay People for Being Alive" in the "The New York Times". The life style of Switzerland triggered other governments to rethink their education policies under the concept of civics (Lowrey, 2013). Last year, in November 2014, the United States Department of Education published their new education policy. The policy title was "Effective Professional Learning Strategies and Their Use in Future Ready Districts" (Duncan, 2014). The policy was published to encourage researchers to be effective professionals teaching students within the realm of civic education. The purpose was to establish educational readiness for educators to use in the future. This policy was originally established for all the districts and states within the United States but the policy has now taken a wider turn. The policy now includes countries abroad. The Switzerland's motto,"Unus pro omnibus, omnes pro uno", has influenced UNESCO, the UN, and the EU, especially Oxford University, to adopt this educational policy (Sylva, Retrieved: July 1, 2015). The policy discusses about Effective Learning or Evidence-Based Practices that can be used in reflective learning to foster citizen education both locally and internationally. This paper will discuss about the historical evolution from Civil Education, to Citizen Education, to Active Learning, and to the Effective Learning Strategies that has just begun, in 2015, which is also known as Evidence-Based Practices. The paper will also discuss about curriculum design and the future endeavors of the language curriculum in Japan.
  • 時実 象一
    情報の科学と技術
    2016年 66 巻 9 号 490-494
    発行日: 2016/09/01
    公開日: 2016/09/01
    ジャーナル オープンアクセス

    1996年に創設した民間デジタル・アーカイブ機関,Internet Archiveは広範な文化資源のアーカイブをおこなっている。そのうち,ウェブページのアーカイブ,テレビニュースと政治広告のアーカイブ,書籍の電子化について最近の動向を報告した。また2016年6月にInternet Archiveの本部で開催された,「非集中型ウェブ・サミット(Decentralized Web Summit:Locking the Web Open)」についても簡単に報告した。

  • 小倉 博行, 馬奈木 俊介, 石野 正彦
    経営情報学会 全国研究発表大会要旨集
    2017年 2017s 巻 D3-2
    発行日: 2017年
    公開日: 2017/05/31
    会議録・要旨集 フリー
    社会課題を解決するためには、都市と情報技術(IT)と企業との共有価値(共益)創造による持続可能な都市開発事業を支えるための、戦略的かつ組織的なプロジェクトマネジメント手法の整備が急務となっている。また、経済・社会・環境を調和させる包括的富指標(IWI)のような統合指標と、都市サービス評価指標(ISO 37120)や都市インフラ性能評価指標(ISO TS 37151)などの国際標準(個別指標)とを両立させることが必要である。このため本稿では、新たなITであるIoT、ビッグデータ及びAIなどを効果的、効率的かつ受容可能に活用した、持続可能なスマートシティ開発を支える戦略的組織的プロジェクトマネジメント手法の提案を行う。
  • 吉田 聖一
    圧力技術
    2018年 56 巻 1 号 37-48
    発行日: 2018/01/25
    公開日: 2018/02/09
    ジャーナル 認証あり
    Hurricane Harvey made landfall late night on August 25, 2017 at the southeastern Texas Gulf Coast as a category 4. After striking land, Harvey was downgraded to a tropical storm on next day afternoon. Its moving became slow. Nevertheless, Harvey was producing heavy rain across the Greater Houston area, which had led to significant flooding. Many locations in the Greater Houston area observed over 1 m in total rainfall. Houston is a hub of the U. S. petroleum industry and many oil refineries, tank terminals and chemical plants are located. These facilities suffered severe damage from Harvey. This paper presents the damages of petroleum facilities caused by Harvey. These are external floating roof sinking incidents of aboveground storage tanks, a power supply loss in a chemical plant, floating and overturning of small crude oil storage tanks, a shutdown of the Colonial Pipeline and emergency exchanges of the Strategic Petroleum Reserve.
  • 和田 修一
    法政論叢
    2017年 53 巻 2 号 17-
    発行日: 2017年
    公開日: 2017/11/01
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 西岡 達裕
    国際政治
    2018年 2018 巻 192 号 192_113-192_128
    発行日: 2018/03/30
    公開日: 2018/12/19
    ジャーナル 認証あり

    In November 2016, Republican Donald Trump was elected the 45th president of the United States in a major upset. He was a complete political amateur. Trump won the close election against Democrat Hillary Clinton largely because he carried Rust Belt swing states such as Ohio, Pennsylvania, Michigan and Wisconsin. It seemed that his populist, anti-foreign and protectionist rhetoric had attracted white working class voters in the Rust Belt, who had not felt the benefits of globalization.

    Still, the sudden rise of the amateur politician president is not easy to fully understand. Given that the labor market had recovered from the Great Recession and the U.S. Economy was on a path toward recovery, why and how did American voters give victory to a populist candidate like Trump? To answer that question, we need to understand the 2016 election in the broad context of American history.

    It is assumed that the rising tide of populism which brought this historic victory to Trump was not the result of a single factor, but rather a set of factors. This article focuses on five factors which have caused populist movements in U.S. history: change in the industrial structure, globalization, a deep recession, distrust of politics, and cultural backlash. This article discusses the 2016 election in association with each of these factors and offers specific examples of populist movements in the past in an effort to reinterpret the contemporary history of the United States.

    The background of the rise of populism in the 2016 election was public distrust of politics. Outsider Trump successfully convinced voters that he would be an anti-establishment president. If the two major political parties had substantially performed their function of interest aggregation, there would have been no chance for an outsider to win the presidential election. The Republican Party had inherited Reagan’s conservative coalition from the 1980s, while the Democratic Party had inherited Bill Clinton’s center-left coalition from the 1990s. However, the 2016 election marked the end of an era. Trump and his supporters were not so much interested in Reaganism, and Bernie Sanders and the liberal Democrats challenged Clintonism.

    Since the end of the Cold War, income inequality in the United States has increased markedly, and many people have come to believe that this was caused by liberalization and globalization. American workers have felt left behind by the political system and are demanding major change in that system. At the very least, Trump’s policies should shake up the old architecture of the two-party system.

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