Objective: Recently, eye patching has been used as a technique for adjusting visual information. However, there are differing opinions regarding the influence of eye patching on visual attention in hemispatial neglect. Studies on eye patching do not usually consider the effects of differences in task difficulty or reaction space. Moreover, to date, no trial has used neglected-field eye patching. We investigated the effect on hemispatial neglect of hemi-visual field eye-patching glasses in a patient with left spatial neglect. Methods: The patient was an 86-year-old woman who had suffered a stroke. She had severe left hemiparesis and left spatial neglect. Three types of eye-patching glasses were used: right-field patching, left-field patching, and no patching. The line bisection test, the line crossing test, the star cancellation test, and the letter cancellation test were carried out for the three eye-patching conditions. Results: The line bisection test results showed rightward deviations for both left and right patching compared to no patching. For the line crossing test, there were no omission errors for any patching condition. In the star cancellation test, there were small differences between the three patching conditions. However, in the letter cancellation test, the fewest omission errors occurred during left-field patching, with the most notable improvement on the right half of the test paper. Conclusion: The results suggest that neglected-field eye patching for hemispatial neglect might improve visual attention, especially the non-spatial aspects.
The patient was a woman without hypertension who had previously experienced intracranial hemorrhage twice at 48 and 56 years of age. At 59 years of age, she was diagnosed with neuromyelitis optica spectrum disorder (NMOSD) based on the presence of a brain stem lesion and the detection of anti-aquaporin 4 (AQP4) antibodies. After 5 months of continuous treatment with prednisolone (15 mg/day), she presented with optic neuritis and intracranial bleeding. A recurrent attack of NMOSD and intracranial hemorrhage were concurrently diagnosed. We herein report a case of NMOSD with recurrent intracranial hemorrhage, which indicates an association between NMOSD and cerebellar vascular dysfunction.
Acute infectious endocarditis (IE) is a complex disease that presents as a serious clinical condition associated with a high mortality rate, especially due to intracranial hemorrhaging (ICH). The most common causative organism is Staphylococcus aureus. We herein report a patient with ICH following subacute IE with a positive blood culture for Cardiobacterium hominis. A review of the existing literature revealed that acute IE associated with Cardiobacterium has been reported to cause ICH in only seven previous cases. Prolonged culture-specific antibiotic therapy along with extended surveillance of blood culture is therefore essential for timely intervention.