詳細検索結果
以下の条件での結果を表示する:
全文: "Paul Krugman"
35件中 1-20の結果を表示しています
  • Toshio Suzuki
    Japanese Yearbook on Business History
    1998年 14 巻 3-5
    発行日: 1998/03/15
    公開日: 2010/06/28
    ジャーナル フリー
  • Paul Sheard
    The Economic Studies Quarterly
    1994年 45 巻 4 号 353-355
    発行日: 1994/12/20
    公開日: 2007/10/19
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 地域学研究
    2009年 39 巻 1 号 1-3
    発行日: 2009年
    公開日: 2009/08/31
    ジャーナル 認証あり
  • Taiji Furusawa
    The International Economy
    2008年 2008 巻 12 号 3-8
    発行日: 2008年
    公開日: 2012/07/06
    ジャーナル フリー
    The literature of firm heterogeneity in international trade grows rapidly in recent years. This paper reviews the theoretical development of the topic, and tries to find future directions of this research agenda.
  • DALE W. JORGENSON
    The Economic Studies Quarterly
    1992年 43 巻 4 号 291-297
    発行日: 1992/12/18
    公開日: 2007/10/19
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 原 洋之介
    日本中東学会年報
    2004年 20 巻 1 号 37-45
    発行日: 2004/09/30
    公開日: 2018/03/30
    ジャーナル フリー
  • Joel David
    Southeast Asian Studies
    2012年 1 巻 3 号 529-533
    発行日: 2012/12/31
    公開日: 2017/03/30
    ジャーナル フリー
  • Laura Hein, Hiroshi Shimizu
    経済学史研究
    2005年 47 巻 1 号 79-93
    発行日: 2005/07/07
    公開日: 2010/08/05
    ジャーナル フリー
    Studies of Japanese economic policy and economic thought have long been bedeviled by the idea that Japanese capitalism is not only different from Western capitalism but is also deviant. The idea that Japan's political economy is abnormal is incredibly persistent, despite the fact that empirical research reconfirms that, while institutions matter, (1) they have changed enormously over the last century in Japan as elsewhere and (2) Western political economies differ greatly among themselves.
    The idea of Japanese deviance has deep roots in both Japanese and American analyses of Japan. Japanese economic thought since the 1920s has explored the idea that the Japanese modern economy is somehow deformed, while postwar American theorizing about national economic development first accepted, then rejected this idea, and then accepted it again in the early 1980s. Meanwhile, social-scientific studies have provided sophisticated methodologies for directly comparing the Japanese economy to other developed economies. Their joint conclusion is that, while differing institutional patterns are important in all nations, Japan is far less different than popularly believed, in part because many “Japanese” institutional patterns were selectively borrowed and adapted from elsewhere. Nonetheless, these findings do not stop assertions of Japanese deviance, which are unlikely to change until five principles are accepted: (1) both wartime and postwar developments were crucial to creating the contemporary Japanese economy, (2) institutions in Japan as elsewhere are always contested, (3) all national economic development occurs within a global intellectual and institutional context, (4) on many indices, the United States rather than Japan is the outlier, (5) careful comparative work often disproves assertions of Japanese difference.
  • Yoshi Tsurumi
    経営行動科学
    2005年 18 巻 3 号 179-192
    発行日: 2005/07/31
    公開日: 2011/01/27
    ジャーナル フリー
    Dysfunctional business and political leaders cause the social, political and economic malaise afflicting America. Their actions have been shaped by flawed business, economic, and law studies. During the last thirty years, invalid economics theories of market fundamentalism have dominated business education. As a result, harmful theories of management and business-government relations have produced dysfunctional corporations and governments. President George W. Bush epitomizes the worst aspects of America's MBA education. Students of business and economics are taught absurd theories and policy paradigms. They produce the MBA mindset that embraces the robber baron culture of market and Christian fundamentalism. The remedies are found in the alternative management theories and leadership training of the Civil Communication Section (CCS) Seminars offered for Japanese executives after World War II.
  • Tengku Mohamed FAZIHARUDEAN, Hitoshi MITOMO
    地域学研究
    2002年 33 巻 3 号 287-298
    発行日: 2003/12/31
    公開日: 2008/10/10
    ジャーナル フリー
    This paper is based on a questionnaire survey that was conducted on senior high school students (both in urban and rural areas) in the State of Kelantan, Malaysia. Our objective is to present the causal relationship using Covariance Structural Analysis of the factors that are perceived to encourage the teenagers to use the Internet service. Based on the data collected from the survey, we can also make a comparison on the levels and patterns of the Internet usage between the urban and rural teenagers in Kelantan. Then, we come up with recommendations on how to address the issue of the diffusion of Internet usage, especially on how to bridge the digital gap between the urban and rural population.
  • PETRI BÖCKERMAN
    地域学研究
    2002年 32 巻 2 号 57-73
    発行日: 2002/12/30
    公開日: 2008/10/10
    ジャーナル フリー
    The study is about the determination of regional productivity in Finland. Regional labour productivity is related to industrial structure, demographic factors and the variables that capture the reorganization of labour markets. The data covers 85 regions from 1989 to 1997. The estimation results show that ICT manufacturing yields an increase in labour productivity, but the positive impact of ICT manufacturing is tightly limited to its direct contribution. In contrast to the U. S. and European stylized features, there is no empirical evidence for the view that when the density of economic activity increases, the labour productivity of the Finnish regions rises.
  • 権田 金治, 森川 晴成
    年次大会講演要旨集
    2001年 16 巻
    発行日: 2001/10/19
    公開日: 2018/01/30
    会議録・要旨集 フリー
  • 権田 金治, 清水 博
    年次大会講演要旨集
    1999年 14 巻
    発行日: 1999/11/01
    公開日: 2018/01/21
    会議録・要旨集 フリー
  • 伊丹 健一郎
    有機合成化学協会誌
    2009年 67 巻 3 号 250-256
    発行日: 2009/03/01
    公開日: 2011/08/15
    ジャーナル 認証あり
  • 國光 洋二
    地域学研究
    1996年 27 巻 1 号 51-64
    発行日: 1997/12/30
    公開日: 2008/10/10
    ジャーナル フリー
    Paul Krugman attracted attention when he said that East Asian growth, unaccompanied by technological innovation, would soon come to a dead end as was the case with the USSR. The purpose of this paper is, in an attempt to probe into what has made Vietnamese economic success possible, to analyze the production structure and the input factor in Vietnam by growth accounting method, production function analysis and labor mobility index method. The results are as follows.
    Firstly, the T. F. P. improves a little in the primary and in the secondary industry, but not in the tertiary industry. The improvement starts in the primary industry in the early 1980's, mainly because the period marks the beginning of an economic reformation which helps bring about free disposal of crops and expansion of hyper-productivity rice. In the secondary industry, however, the improvement does not begin to occur until in the nineties, when the government's economic open policy makes the domestic market accessible to foreign investors.
    Secondly, land productivity changes for the better in the primary industry, although labor productivity and capital productivity remain unchanged. This is due to land restriction measures taken in agriculture. In the secondary industry, on the other hand, labor productivity goes upgrade while capital productivity declines. This is brought about by labor saving innovation resulting from new technologies from abroad and by regal restrictions arising from the minimum wage system.
    Thirdly, the changes in production patterns prompt the working force to move from farm villages to industrial cities. In the latter half of the eighties, they move mainly to the secondary and the tertiary industry. But in the nineties, this flow declines because of fewer job opportunities in the secondary industry. Superfluous job-hunters try to find their way into the informal sector.
  • Sahoko Kaji
    国際経済
    1999年 1999 巻 50 号 34-54
    発行日: 1999/06/15
    公開日: 2010/07/07
    ジャーナル フリー
  • 古川 勇二
    学術の動向
    2006年 11 巻 12 号 17-23
    発行日: 2006/12/01
    公開日: 2009/12/21
    ジャーナル フリー
  • マークセン アン
    経済地理学年報
    2003年 49 巻 5 号 415-428
    発行日: 2003/12/30
    公開日: 2017/05/19
    ジャーナル フリー
    空間的変化を把握し,社会に対する影響を改変しあるいは改善しうる政策に関わるために,経済地理学者は因果関係の理論を展開し,評価してきた. 1980年代後半以降の研究成果をながめて私が感じるのは、抽象的で主体の分析が欠如した研究があまりに多いということである.そこでは,プロセスによる行為主体(アクター)の置き換えが起り,「学習」や「ネットワーク」といった理論化の不十分な現象に説明能力が付与されている.そして,学問的エネルギーが主体の分析ではなく,記述中心の「概念化」作業に注ぎ込まれている.そこで,本報告においては,経済地理学における行為主体と意思決定の再認識の必要性を提起したい.主体中心のアプローチを説明するために,今回は特に,2種類の制度的行為主体に注目する。すなわち,資本主義社会における私的意思決定の単位としての企業と,そして労働者を代表し,雇用者と政府に差し向かう組合との,2つの主体である.いくつかの例を引きながら,進化した物理的景観と社会構造のなかで,各々の主体の意識決定と行動がどのように経済地理を再生産し,変化させるのかを考察する.企業は,それぞれが多様な意思決定を下し,その決定が労働者や地域社会に重要な帰結をもたらす.コンテクストによって異なってくる企業の意思決定の重要性について,再認識することが求められている.また,資本主義のダイナミクスと,場所を基盤とした制度・文化というコンテクストの中で,組合活動に関する行動理論が必要となっている.そこでは,経済地理学におけるネットワークに関する新しい研究も,分析の中心にネットワークの行為主体を据えることによって強化できることを提示した.次に,最近注目を集めている「都市地域」に焦点をあて,行為主体を中心的に分析する経済地理学が,この分野の研究水準と実社会への影響力を飛躍的に向上させうることを示す.ここ5年ほどの間に刊行された著作において,新しいグローバル経済の地理的単位として,大都市地域を賛美する見解が相次いで展開された.私はこうした主張に異論を唱えたい.というのも,国民国家はかつてないほど重要となっている.しかし何よりも,これらの研究において主体の姿が見えないからである.より制度的なニュアンスをもった,主体中心にアプローチする経済地理学へ回帰すべきだと主張したい。こうした例を通じて,経済地理学者が理論を構築するにあたり,他分野そして実践から最高水準の成果を積極的に取り込む意思があれば,十分な報いがあることを明らかにした.自分自身も主体(アクター)であるとみなせば,他の主体(プレーヤー)の行動や実践を理解することに,いっそうの熱意を持って取り組むことができる.経済地理学者は,主体の行動を解釈するという重要な役割を担うとともに,平和や環境の保全,貧困の根絶,地域社会の安定,さらには人種差別や性差別の終焉をめざす進歩的な諸力を支援することができると確信している.
  • Terutomo Ozawa
    The International Economy
    2007年 2007 巻 11 号 17-33
    発行日: 2007年
    公開日: 2011/04/13
    ジャーナル フリー
    Professor Kojima of Hitotsubashi University is a leading Japanese economist. This article reviews and interprets two of his major ideas; a theory of pro-trade FDI and an extended “flying-geese” theory and explores their theoretical implications. Pro-trade FDI rests on the doctrine of comparative advantage, yet surprisingly Ricardo failed to apply the same logic to FDI flows. Production fragmentation that leads to intraindustry trade is governed by the doctrine. Kojima extends the evolutionary sequence of “importing-domestic production-exporting” to the next phase of “exporting-outward FDIimporting, ”hence a full circle from importing to importing. This structural transformation underlines East Asian industrial dynamism.
  • 森島 隆晴
    地域学研究
    1998年 29 巻 1 号 127-136
    発行日: 1999/12/30
    公開日: 2008/10/10
    ジャーナル フリー
    The purpose of this paper is to investigate the effect of teleworking on the overcentralization to a large city.
    In Japan, urban population suddenly increased with economic growth after World War II, and about 60% of the total population lived in urban area in 80's. Office demand increased with office automation in the latter half of 80's, and land values remarkably gone up. As a result, the remarkable rise of land value brought many problems such as aggravation of house circumstances or expansion of the asset difference. On the other hand, an advance of communication technologies makes dispersion of an office by telework possible, and is hoped that it relaxes city concentration.
    One of the theoretical subjects in recent urban economics is explaining spatial agglomeration by micro-economic theory. In a problem of this kind, it is important to explain what kind of interaction among firms and households cause spatial agglomeration. Starrett [12] describes that agglomeration in the homogeneous space cannot happen under perfect competition. On this account two methods explaining spatial agglomeration are picked up in Fujita and Thisse [2]. One is a method by (I) externalities under perfect competition, and the other is a method by (II) imperfect competition. Following the terminology of Scitovsky, type I explains spatial agglomeration with “technological externality”, and type II explains it with “pecuniary externality”. Furthermore, type II is divided into (II-1) increasing returns under monopolistic competition and (II-2) spatial competition under strategic interaction.
    In most cases, these both externalities cause the spatial agglomeration of economic activity. Both are different in the work. On this account it is important theoretically to analyze separately.
    The model of type I has been developed by many researchers to explain spatial structure in a city. In a model of this type, non-market interactions, for example, communications between corporations or individuals or spill over of knowledge or information, generate the fundamental power of spatial agglomeration. By development of communication technology the same level interactions occur without agglomeration, some merit of agglomeration does decrease and agglomeration power is weakened.
    A model of type II contributes to advance of recent urban economics. It is developed mainly on the monopolistic competition model (type II-1) on the industrial organization theory, for example, Spence [11] and Dixit and Stiglitz [1]. Krugman [8] shows that agglomeration power of a corporation is strengthened by decrease in the transportation costs between two regions. Actually, preparation of road net is regarded as the big factor which promoted over-centralization to a large city.
    In this paper, we show that development of communication technology does not prevent over-centralization. The spread of telework or satellite office decreases a commuting cost for households or corporations. Decrease in commuting costs become the increase for income of households and the decrease for costs of corporations. On this account, total consumption increases and some new corporation entry. Finally, the agglomeration power of a corporation is strengthened.
feedback
Top