Indocyanine green (ICG) emits fluorescence in the far-red domain under light excitation. ICG video angiography (ICG-VA) has been established as a useful method to evaluate blood flow in the operative field. We report the usefulness of ICG-VA for Sylvian fissure dissection in patients with subarachnoid hemorrhage (SAH). Subjects comprised 7 patients who underwent ICG-VA before opening the Sylvian fissure during neck clipping for ruptured cerebral aneurysm. We observed contrasted Sylvian veins before opening the Sylvian fissure using surgical microscopes. This procedure was termed “Sylvian ICG”. We observed ICG fluorescence quickly in all cases. Sylvian veins that appeared unclear in the standard microscopic operative field covered with subarachnoid hemorrhage were extremely clearly depicted. These Sylvian ICG findings were helpful in identifying entry points and the dissecting course of the Sylvian fissure. At the time of clipping, no residual fluorescence from Sylvian ICG was present, and aneurysm clipping was not impeded. Sylvian ICG for SAH patients is a novel technique to facilitate dissection of the Sylvian fissure. We believe that this technique will contribute to improved safety of clipping surgery for ruptured aneurysms.
Deep Sylvian meningiomas are rare, accounting for 0.3–0.4% of all meningiomas, and mostly present in young adults and children. We report on a 32-year-old man who presented with headache but had no neurological deficits. Computed tomography of brain revealed a 24 × 19 × 21 mm3 mass lesion in the right Sylvian fissure with calcification. Magnetic resonance imaging showed that the lesion was isointense on T1- and T2-weighted images (WI), with homogenous enhancement on post-gadolinium T1WI. The lesion was surgically removed via right fronto-temporal craniotomy. The tumor was located in deep Sylvian fissure and had no dural attachment. Histopathological examination of the lesion revealed both meningothelial and fibroblastic features, thereby suggesting the diagnosis of transitional meningioma (WHO grade I), with Ki-67 labeling index of 6.9%. Thus, meningioma should be considered as a differential diagnosis of enhancing mass lesions in the Sylvian fissure even in the absence of dural tail sign, especially in young adults and children.