The present survey investigated the association between resilience, burnout and psychological distress among Chinese female nurses. A total of 366 female nurses were enrolled in our study. A series of self-reported questionnaires that dispose of the following constructs: psychological distress, burnout, and resilience were estimated. The hierarchical linear regression models were used to evaluate the mediating effect of resilience on the relationship between burnout and psychological distress. Results of the survey showed 85.5% nurses experienced psychological distress. Resilience was negatively related to psychological distress and burnout whereas burnout was positively associated with psychological distress. Mediation analysis revealed that resilience could partially mediate the relationship between the dimensions of emotional exhaustion, depersonalization, and psychological distress. This study highlights the mediator of resilience between burnout and psychological distress of female nurses. As such, interventions that attend to resilience training may be the focus for future clinical and research endeavors.
[Purpose] We examined the effects of Hatha yoga on EEG and ERP in patients with physical disability-related stress. [Participants and Methods] Eighteen male and female injured workers with high stress levels, aged between 18 to 55 years, were evenly divided into two groups: untrained (CG) and trained (TG) modified hatha yoga groups. A modified Hatha yoga protocol was designed for this population by two certified yoga instructors, approved by a physical therapist, and conducted for one hour, three times weekly for 8 weeks. [Results] The results indicated a significant increase in alpha EEG activity over the frontal, central, and parietal electrodes and the delta EEG activity over the centroparietal electrode from pre- to post-training in TG. In addition, significantly faster auditory reaction time for target stimuli, as well as lower P300 peak latency of ERP in auditory oddball paradigm were obtained in TG after 8 weeks of yoga training compare to CG. [Conclusion] Changes in brain activity and ERP components following yoga training would support the psychophysiological effects of hatha yoga as an adjunct to routine rehabilitation.