Open-Access License

Except as otherwise specifically noted, the articles with the Creative Commons icons in the journal are applied Creative Commons License (Creative Commons Attribution (CC BY) license, Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial (CC BY-NC) license and Creative Commons Attribution Non-Commercial-NoDerivs License (CC BY-NC-ND) etc.) by the publisher. (Due to constraints on the service or the system, some articles don't indicate the icons on the article page even if they are open access.)

Please note that all contents on J-STAGE are not licensed under Creative Commons, because the journals on J-STAGE are managed by publishing societies, which have their own policies and standards respectively.

For more details please use "Contact us" link on the article page.