2015 Volume 71 Issue 3 Pages 239-244
Ground-surface ozone (O3) and nitrogen (N) deposition in forests are increasing rapidly in East Asia. The Japanese larch (JL) has been transplanted from central Japan to northern areas. Because the JL suffers from shoot blight disease and grazing by voles, the hybrid larch (F1) was developed to overcome these weak points. For sustainable use of these larches, we should know the growth responses of larches to elevated O3 (eO3) and excessive N deposition in northern Japan. Two-year-old JL and F1 seedlings were potted in well-weathered immature volcanic ash soil with basal dressing of balanced fertilizer containing 47 kgN ha-1 yr-1, due to a lack of nutrients in the soil. To simulate eO3, seedlings were grown in a free-air O3 fumigation system (60 nmol mol-1 in daytime). Also, to simulate acid rain, NH4NO3 (50 kgN ha-1 yr-1 in total) was applied to the plants. Independent of the N loading, the dry mass of needle litter in both JL and F1 was less at eO3 than at ambient O3. Re-translocation of N before the needle shedding of both larches was lower under eO3. As a result, the aboveground biomass per needle (i.e. productive efficiency) was higher at eO3.