1986 Volume 39 Issue 3 Pages 335-344
A microorganism, designated as RV-79-9-101 and now identified as Micromonospora purpureochromogenes subsp. halotolerans, isolated from a mud sample in the Philippines, has been shown to produce a complex of antibiotics called crisamicins. Thin-layer chromatography and bioautography, employing solvent extracts of whole fermentation broths, revealed a minimum of five antimicrobial components. The major biologically-active component
of the antibiotic complex, crisamicin A, was obtained in pure form after preparative silica gel column chromatography followed by crystallization. Based on physico-chemical data crisamicin A has been identified as a novel member of the isochromanequinone group of antibiotics. It exhibits excellent in vitro activity against Gram-positive bacteria but little or no activity towards Gram-negative bacteria or fungi.