2000 Volume 53 Issue 3 Pages 262-268
Four fungal metabolites, chaetoglobosin A (CGA), crinipellin B (CPB), geodin (GE) and triticone B (TTB), were found to enhance fibrinolytic activity of bovine aortic endothelial cells. Plasmin generation on the cells was elevated 2- to 4-fold when treated with these agents at a concentration of 3-100 μM. These effects were dependent on plasminogen and inhibited by anti-urokinase antibody. The effect of CGA, but not of CPB, GE and TTB, was abolished by cycloheximide. In a cell-free system, plasmin and urokinase activities as well as urokinase-catalyzed plasminogen activation were not enhanced by these agents. CGA, but not others, induced the production of urokinase in endothelial cells. CPB and GE accelerated plasminogen activator inhibitor-1 (PAI-1) inactivation, and TTB caused direct, reversible inhibition of PAI-1. Thus, induction of urokinase by CGA and inhibition of PAI-1 by CPB, GE and TTB may, at least partly, account for the elevation of fibrinolytic activity of endothelial cells.