Archives of Histology and Cytology
Online ISSN : 1349-1717
Print ISSN : 0914-9465
Original articles
Structural Aspects of the Extracellular Matrix of the Tendon : An Atomic Force and Scanning Electron Microscopy Study
Mario RASPANTITerenzio CONGIUStefano GUIZZARDI
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2002 Volume 65 Issue 1 Pages 37-43

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Abstract

The mutual interactions of small proteoglycans with collagen fibrils in the extracellular matrix remain to be completely understood. The present research investigated the extracellular matrix of the rat tail tendon by atomic force microscopy (AFM) as well as by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Observations showed simply dehydrated specimens made of large heterogeneous fibrils, tightly packed in mutual contact with no visible interfibrillar spaces. Proteoglycans usually extended onto neighboring fibrils, forming an intricate interfibrillar weaving highly sensitive to chondroitinase digestion. Pre-treatment with cupromeronic blue only affected the proteoglycans side chains, which appeared better preserved but somewhat thickened. Observation of hydrated specimens by AFM confirmed the close packing of collagen fibrils and the abundance of collagen-bound proteoglycans. Interfibrillar bridges were only occasionally observed in this tissue, whose fibrils are instead tightly bound together by proteoglycans in a structure quite consistent with its functional requirements. The molecular machinery responsible for these interactions is the subject of ongoing research.

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© 2002 by International Society of Histology and Cytology
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