2003 Volume 66 Issue 2 Pages 123-143
A method for preparing thin fresh-frozen sections from large samples and hard tissues is described and the applications are shown. A new adhesive film is introduced to produce the frozen sections. The sample is frozen in a cooled hexane or liquid nitrogen, and then freeze-embedded with 4-5% carboxymethyl cellulose (CMC) in the coolant. A specially prepared adhesive film is fastened to the cut surface of the sample in order to support the section and cut slowly with a disposable tungsten carbide blade. The adhesive film is made of a thin plastic film and an adhesive before use. This method produces 2-μm thick fresh-frozen sections from a large sample, bone or tooth. The “film-section” i.e. the section attached to the adhesive film, can be used for many types of studies such as histology, general histochemistry, enzyme histochemistry, immunohistochemistry, in situ hybridization, elemental analysis, and autoradiography for water-soluble materials. Immunohistochemistry and in situ hybridization can be carried out with nonfixed and undecalcified sections. The section on the adhesive film can be transferred to a glass slide and mounted under a cover slip, and stained sections can be examined with an optical microscope at high magnification. This method is also useful for preparing frozen sections from samples of fish, insects, and plants. Furthermore, samples of particular areas can be collected from the film-section by means of a laser microdissection technique. The multiple possible applications of the adhesive film render it highly useful for studies in biological and medicodental fields.