Asian Journal of Occupational Therapy
Online ISSN : 1347-3484
Print ISSN : 1347-3476
ISSN-L : 1347-3476
Sensory Modulation and Behavior of Preschool-Aged Children with Special Education Needs
Yuji HiroseChieko KarashimaGo Igarashi
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2022 Volume 18 Issue 1 Pages 71-78


Objective: The number of children with special education needs (SEN) is on the rise in Japan. However, the behavior and sensory modulation functions of preschool-aged children with SEN have not been clarified. The purpose of this study was to examine the behavioral and sensory modulation characteristics of preschool-aged children with SEN compared with those of children without SEN.

Methods: We conducted a cross-sectional survey using a questionnaire on children's behavioral problems and sensory modulation, which was reported by nursery teachers who cared for children with and without SEN. Forty-two nursery teachers who were involved with the care of children with and without SEN were asked to complete the Japanese version of the Eyberg Child Behavior Inventory (ECBI) and the Japanese version of the Short Sensory Profile (SSP).

Results: The results showed that both ECBI and SSP scores were significantly higher in children with SEN than in children without SEN (p < 0.01), and that the SSP domain scores for underresponsive/seeks sensation and auditory filtering in children with SEN were significantly correlated with ECBI scores (p < 0.05).

Conclusion: Children with SEN had more sensory modulation bias and behavioral problems than children without SEN, and there was an association between sensory modulation bias and behavioral problems in children with SEN.

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© 2022 Japanese Association of Occupational Therapists
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