The Journal of Biochemistry
Online ISSN : 1756-2651
Print ISSN : 0021-924X
Intersubunit Structure within Heterodimers of Medium-Chain Prenyl Diphosphate Synthases. Formation of a Hybrid-Type Heptaprenyl Diphosphate Synthase
Ayumi Koike-TakeshitaTanetoshi KoyamaKyozo Ogura
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1998 Volume 124 Issue 4 Pages 790-797


Among prenyltransferases that catalyze the sequential condensation of isopentenyl diphos phate with allylic diphosphate to produce prenyl diphosphates with various chain lengths and stereochemistries, medium-chain prenyl diphosphate synthases are exceptional in that they comprise two dissociable heteromeric protein components. These components exist without binding with each other under physiological conditions, and neither of them has any prenyltransferase activity by itself. In order to elucidate the precise molecular mechanism underlying expression of the catalytic function by such a unique two-component system, we examined the possibility of forming a hybrid between two of the components of three different medium-chain prenyl diphosphate synthases, components I and II of heptaprenyl diphosphate synthase from Bacillus subtilis, components I' and II' of heptaprenyl diphosphate synthase from Bacillus stearothermophilus, and components A and B of hexaprenyl diphosphate synthase from Micrococcus luteus B-P 26. As a result, only the hybrid-type combination of component I and component II' gave distinct prenyltransferase activity. The hybrid-type enzyme catalyzed the synthesis of heptaprenyl diphosphate and showed moderate heat stability, which lay between those of the natural enzymes from B. subtilis and B. stearothermophilus. There is no possibility of forming a hybrid between the heptaprenyl and hexaprenyl diphosphate syntheses.

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