Biophysics and Physicobiology
Online ISSN : 2189-4779
Regular Article
Density functional study of molecular interactions in secondary structures of proteins
Yu TakanoAyumi KusakaHaruki Nakamura
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Volume 13 (2016) Pages 27-35

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Abstract

Proteins play diverse and vital roles in biology, which are dominated by their three-dimensional structures. The three-dimensional structure of a protein determines its functions and chemical properties. Protein secondary structures, including α-helices and β-sheets, are key components of the protein architecture. Molecular interactions, in particular hydrogen bonds, play significant roles in the formation of protein secondary structures. Precise and quantitative estimations of these interactions are required to understand the principles underlying the formation of three-dimensional protein structures. In the present study, we have investigated the molecular interactions in α-helices and β-sheets, using ab initio wave function-based methods, the Hartree-Fock method (HF) and the second-order Møller-Plesset perturbation theory (MP2), density functional theory, and molecular mechanics. The characteristic interactions essential for forming the secondary structures are discussed quantitatively.

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© 2016 THE BIOPHYSICAL SOCIETY OF JAPAN
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