2023 Volume 20 Issue Supplemental Article ID: e201017
TAT rhodopsin extracted from the marine bacterium SAR11 HIMB114 has a characteristic Thr-Ala-Thr motif and contains both protonated and deprotonated states of Schiff base at physiological pH conditions due to the low pKa. Here, using solid-state NMR spectroscopy, we investigated the 13C and 15N NMR signals of retinal in only the protonated state of TAT in the 1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine/1-palmitoyl-2-oleoyl-sn-glycero-3-phospho (1'-rac-glycerol) (POPE/POPG) membrane at weakly acidic conditions. In the 13C NMR spectrum of 13C retinal-labeled TAT rhodopsin, the isolated 14-13C signals of 13-trans/15-anti and 13-cis/15-syn isomers were observed at a ratio of 7:3. 15N retinal protonated Schiff base (RPSB) had a significantly higher magnetic field resonance at 160 ppm. In 15N RPSB/λmax analysis, the plot of TAT largely deviated from the trend based on the retinylidene-halide model compounds and microbial rhodopsins. Our findings indicate that the RPSB of TAT forms a very weak interaction with the counterion.