2018 Volume 12 Issue 3 Pages 325-329
The current study found that an extract from the fruiting bodies of the edible mushroom Hypsizygus marmoreus exhibited hemolytic activity against sheep red blood cells when its pH was lowered. Although hemolytic activity was not detected when an extract had a neutral pH, an extract with a low pH exhibited potent hemolytic activity. The maximal hemolytic activity was exhibited by an extract with a pH of 5.5. A heat-treated extract did not exhibit hemolytic activity before its pH was lowered, and that activity was inhibited in the presence of PMSF and EDTA. The turbidity of the extract increased during lowering of its pH, and the precipitate fraction exhibited hemolytic activity. Fractionation by a modified Bligh and Dyer method and TLC analyses suggested that a hemolytic compound in the extract might be a type of lipid. These results suggest that a hemolytic lipid-like compound in an extract of H. marmoreus fruiting bodies may be released by a non-active precursor substance(s) through metalloenzyme(s) while the extract has a low pH.