Journal of Environmental Information Science
Online ISSN : 2188-5796
Print ISSN : 0389-6633
ISSN-L : 0389-6633
Short Communication
Effectiveness of Web-based Interventions in Promoting Physical Activity among Middle Aged and Older Adults during the COVID-19 Pandemic
A Randomized Controlled Trial
Yasuo MATSUMOTO
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JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

2024 Volume 2023 Issue 2 Pages 32-37

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Abstract

A randomized controlled trial was conducted to examine the effectiveness of Web-based interventions using self-monitoring and other behavioral change techniques to promote physical activity among a wide range of people concerned about the lack of sufficient physical inactivity due to lockdowns during the COVID-19 pandemic. The interventions were conducted eight times from May 7 to July 2, 2021. In addition to self-monitoring—in which participants recorded the physical activity they undertook each week—and goal setting, in which they recorded a target time for increasing their physical activity the next week, information and examples were provided regarding easy physical activities. Furthermore, feedback on the previous week’s walking time was provided. The results revealed differences between groups (intervention/control groups) and time (pre-/post-intervention) for changes in total physical activity among all participants, especially older adults. A significant effect of time (pre-/post-intervention) was observed only in the intervention group. These results indicated that behavioral change techniques provided via the Web were effective in promoting total physical activity, especially among older adults.

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© 2024 Center for Environmental Information Science
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