CYTOLOGIA
Online ISSN : 1348-7019
Print ISSN : 0011-4545
Gamma Radiation Induced Cytological Abnormalities in Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. var. Pusa Ruby
N. JayabalanG. R. Rao
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1987 Volume 52 Issue 1 Pages 1-4

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Abstract

Healthy dry seeds of pusa ruby variety of Lycopersicon esculentum Mill. were irradiated with gamma rays at 10 KR, 20 KR, 30 KR, 40 KR and 50 KR dose levels. Meiotic studies were made in treated plants as well as in control plants. At metaphase I, meiotic abnormalities like clumping and stickiness of chromosomes, univalents, multivalents, fragments and irregular grouping of chromosomes were observed. At anaphase I, there were laggards and unequal grouping of chromosomes at poles. Germination percentage and pollen fertility were also studied. Pollen sterility seems to be the cumulative result of various abnormal meiotic stages as well as of physiological and genetic damages induced probably by breakage of chromosomes. The frequency of meiotic abnormalities with reference to the effect of radiation doses is discussed.

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© The Japan Mendel Society
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