2016 Volume 4 Issue 2 Pages 350-365
Besides circulating flow, pedestrian flow is another key conflict stream that significantly influences roundabout entry capacity. Due to limited space in Japan, several standard designs such as a physical splitter island cannot always be installed at the roundabout entry/exit. The impact of several influencing factors on entry capacity such as splitter islands was examined by applying a microscopic simulation to our previous research. A regression model was proposed based on the simulation results, which assumed that vehicles yielded to all pedestrians at the beginning of the crosswalk. In this paper, the regression model was validated using field data observed in Japan. The regression model was improved by adding a parameter to reflect drivers’ compliance with pedestrians. The validation results indicate that the improved model shows good fitness to the field data and the results imply that roundabout geometry and traffic flow composition significantly influence entry capacity.