2018 Volume 67 Issue 4 Pages 479-486
It is observed that the increase in blood-brain barrier (BBB) permeability (BBBP) is associated with ischemic stroke and thought to trigger neuronal damage and deteriorate ischemic infarction, even though there is no experimental proof. Here, we investigated the effect of BBBP increase on brain damage, using a combination of photochemically-induced thrombotic brain damage (PIT-BD) model, a focal brain ischemic model, and transient bilateral carotid artery occlusion model (CAO, a whole brain ischemic model), in mice. In PIT-BD, BBBP increased in the region surrounding the ischemic damage from 4 h till 24 h with a peak at 8 h. On day 4, the damaged did not expand to the region with BBBP increase in mice with PIT-BD alone or with 30 min CAO at 1 h before PIT-BD, but expanded in mice with 30 min CAO at 3.5 h after PIT-BD. This expansion was paralleled with the increase in the number of apoptotic cells. These findings indicate that increase in BBBP does not cause direct neuronal death, but it facilitates ischemic neuronal loss, which was attributed, at least partially, to acceleration of apoptotic cell death.