Experimental Animals
Online ISSN : 1881-7122
Print ISSN : 0007-5124
Age-related Changes in the Retina of WBN/Kob Rats—A Pathological Study—
Iwami KIYOSAWAMakoto AOKITakahiro IMAMURATatsuya NAGASAWATsuyoshi ITONobuo SIBATAJun NAITOToru R. SAITOKazuaki W. TAKAHASHI
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JOURNAL FREE ACCESS

1994 Volume 43 Issue 5 Pages 651-661

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Abstract

Male rats of the WBN/Kob strain, which are known to spontaneously develop diabetes with aging, were examined for histopathological changes in the retina. Five rats (10 eyes) each of WBN/Kob and Wistar/ST as a control were used, and the thickness of the retinal layers, both the central region and the peripheral region of the retina, were measured on weeks 1, 2, 3, 5, 9, 13, 17, 23, 27, 36, 45, 54, 67 and 80 after birth. The rod and cone cell layer in WBN/Kob rats was under-grown, and its thickness decreased 71.7% in the central zone and 59.3% in the peripheral zone of the retina compared with that of the control. In the central and peripheral retina, the rod and cone cell layer, outer nuclear layer and outer plexiform layer, as well as the inner plexiform layer in the central retina, gradually decreased in thickness from 5-45 weeks of age. In the central and peripheral parts of the retina, the number of nuclei decreased in accordance with the thinning of the nuclear layer. The thinned layers showed only cell loss. The rod and cone cell layer of the peripheral retina was thinner than that of the central retina. We obtained the following findings in the retina of male WBN/Kob rats. First, the rod and cone cell layer is undergrown compared with that of the control. Second, the first change occurred in the rod and cone cell layer. Third, the thinning of the rod and cone cell layer appeared at 5 weeks of age, and thinning with aging was slow. And finally, the thinning of the peripheral retina was more severe than that of the central retina. From the above findings, it seems that retinal changes in WBN/ Kob rats are similar to the retinal degeneration of rds mice (retinal degeneration slow mice) and that WBN/Kob rats provide a useful animal model for human retinopathy.

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© Japanese Association for Laboratory Animal Science
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