2004 Volume 70 Issue 6 Pages 1082-1088
A feeding trial was conducted to investigate the effect of dietary lipid and phosphorus levels on nitrogen and phosphorus excretion of young yellowtail under on-site conditions for 4 months. Three levels of dietary lipid (200, 250 and 300 g/kg) and four levels of supplemental phosphorus (0, 2, 4 and 7 g/kg) were tested in a complete randomized design with a 3×4 factorial arrangement. Each net cage of 170 yellowtail were fed the experimental diets for 4 months and the fish grew from approximately 346-912 g, at water temperatures between 18 and 23°C. Dietary phosphorus levels did not cause any difference in weight gain, specific growth rate, feed conversion ratio and nitrogen retention. However, its increasing supplemental levels reduced phosphorus retention, consequently increasing its excretion, whereas nitrogen excretion remained uninfluenced. In contrast, increasing the dietary lipid level resulted in its greater deposition in the whole body of young fish leading to a reduction in nitrogen excretion. This study has shown that phosphorus levels need not necessarily be high in the diets of young yellowtail. In addition, dietary lipid can be manipulated favorably to produce environmentally suitable diets.
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