Restoration of coastal reefs in the South China Sea started in the 1990s in response to widespread degradation of reef habitats. A wide variety of restoration techniques is practiced including coral transplantation, substrate modification, and non-coral species stock enhancement. Interesting lessons are derived from these experiences. Protection and management remains the foremost option and should continue to be strengthened. Restoration is more costly and has its limitations, but is at the same time regarded as necessary to address extensive reef loss. Much can be gained from the sharing of information and the combined experience will help to advance the science of reef restoration for the region.
2009 The Japanese Coral Reef Society