2014 Volume 48 Issue 4 Pages 409-422
In Antarctica, the geochemical properties of meltwater and pondwater are very sensitive to global warming. Therefore, understanding the geochemical properties of the meltwater and pondwater is crucial to evaluating global climate change. This study was performed to examine the chemical and isotopic compositions of the meltwater and pondwater at the Barton and Weaver Peninsulas of King George Island, Antarctica, to understand their spatial variation and to evaluate factors controlling the surface water chemistry. The meltwater, pondwater and seawater were sampled at 50 sites of the Barton and Weaver Peninsulas during the period from 23 December 2010 to 5 January 2011. The chemical compositions of the meltwater and pondwater were mainly influenced by sea salt. Additionally, the influence of water-rock interaction was observed in some meltwater and pondwater. The LREE/HREE ratios of some of the pondwater in the Barton Peninsula showed a decreasing trend by influence of water-rock interaction. The influences of sea salt and water-rock interaction were more dominant at the Barton Peninsula than the Weaver Peninsula. The δ18O and δD of the meltwater and pondwater showed a wide range. Little evaporation losses were observed at the Barton Peninsula but evaporation losses did not occurred at the Weaver Peninsula.