Online ISSN : 1880-5973
Print ISSN : 0016-7002
ISSN-L : 0016-7002
Express Letter
Holocene sea surface temperature variations recorded in corals from Kikai Island, Japan
Hiroto KajitaAtsuko YamazakiTakaaki WatanabeChung-Che WuChuan-Chou ShenTsuyoshi Watanabe
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Supplementary material

2017 Volume 51 Issue 4 Pages e9-e14


Understanding seasonal to interannual characteristics of the climate during the transition from the “Holocene Optimum” (7.0–5.0 kyr BP) to mid-Holocene cold and dry period (4.6–4.0 kyr BP) is important since it is related to the evolution and collapse of human civilization in East Asia. To investigate those characteristics, we reconstructed a seasonal scale sea surface temperature (SST) and measured oxygen isotope ratios (δ18O) in seawater (δ18Oseawater) using modern and fossil (4.9 kyr) corals from Kikai Island. Larger seasonal amplitudes observed among the reconstructed SST values and δ18Oseawater change at 4.9 kyr suggest that the East Asian Monsoon (EAM) circulation might be stronger than the present-day. Our compiled coral records, along with the previous studies from Kikai Island, also suggest that the largest SST amplitude during the Holocene Optimum was recorded at 4.9 kyr and an abrupt cold climate shift occurred during the Holocene Optimum and the Pulleniatina Minimum Event (PME) in the north-western Pacific.

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© 2017 by The Geochemical Society of Japan
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