Japanese Journal of Health Promotion and Physical Therapy
Online ISSN : 2187-3305
Print ISSN : 2186-3741
ISSN-L : 2186-3741
Foot and Toe Morphological Abnormalities in the Elderly
Mami YumiokaShin MurataHiroaki IwaseKoichi NaitoTeppei AbikoKayoko ShiraiwaJun Horie
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2017 Volume 7 Issue 2 Pages 79-83


[Objective] This study examined foot and toe morphological abnormalitiesin the elderly. [Methods] The following items were measured in 217 (41 males and 176 females, with a mean age of 74.2±5.6) elderly community residents: the foot width and length,and hallux, digitus quintus, and intermetatarsal angles. Subsequently, the presence/absence of the following foot/toe abnormalities was examined: floating toes, hallux valgus,digitus minimus varus, flatfoot, and splayfoot. The results were compared between males and females. [Results] Malesʼfeet were significantly wider and longer than those of females, while the latter showed a markedly greater hallux angle. A floating toe was the most frequent foot/toe abnormality, regardless of the sex, although hallux valgus was also prevalent among females. Among the toes, the floating toe was most frequently the fifth toe. Furthermore, the prevalence of a floating second toe was higher among those with hallux valgus.

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© 2017 Japan Society of Health Promotion and Physical Therapy
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