Hydrological Research Letters
Online ISSN : 1882-3416
ISSN-L : 1882-3416
Topography as a macroscopic index for the dissolved iron productivity of different land cover types in the Amur River Basin
Takeo OnishiMuneoki YohHideaki ShibataSeiya NagaoMasayuki KawahigashiVladimir Shamov
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2010 Volume 4 Pages 85-89

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Abstract

Iron is the limiting nutrient of phytoplankton in the Sea of Okhotsk, and the majority of iron in this system is fed by the Amur River. The recent conversion of wetlands, the main source of iron in the Amur River basin, to agricultural lands will likely impact dissolved iron productivity, which may also influence primary production in the Sea of Okhotsk. Therefore this study was conducted to construct a macroscopic index for use in assessing dissolved iron productivity in the basin. Correlation analysis between climate and topographic parameters and the observed dissolved iron concentration in forests and wetlands revealed that the topographic wetness index (TWI) had a significant correlation with dissolved iron concentration. An exponential curve was found to be the best curve to express this correlation. We assumed that dissolved iron concentration for grasslands and agricultural lands, the other two dominant land cover types, could also be expressed by TWI. Based on this assumption, dissolved iron concentration curves for grasslands and agricultural lands were inversely identified by systematic modification of the curve for forests and wetlands. The results suggest that TWI can describe the average dissolved iron concentration of major land cover types in the basin.

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© 2010 Japan Society of Hydrology and Water Resources
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