2013 Volume 7 Issue 2 Pages 36-41
We projected future river discharge in the Chao Phraya River basin and evaluated the uncertainty in future climate projections by using different resolutions and ensemble experiments of the Atmospheric General Circulation Model of the Meteorological Research Institute (MRI-AGCM). We also obtained estimates of precipitation, evaporation, runoff, and river discharge under climate conditions projected for the late 21st century. The results show that precipitation is projected to significantly increase in the future during April to August, excluding May. The projected river discharge at Nakhon Sawan located in the central region shows a peak in September, a delay of one month after the maximum monthly mean precipitation. The estimated reduction in river discharge for January and February was robust based on all members of the 60-km mesh MRI-AGCM ensembles changing in the same direction as that of the 20-km mesh MRI-AGCM. The uncertainty assessment conducted in this study could lead to increased robustness in projected changes in mean river discharge in the late 21st century for this basin.